Everything You Must to Know About Car Batteries

Knowledge is power when it comes to your car’s battery and electrical system. In fact, it’s your ride’s heart and soul. The last thing you want is to be left stranded with a dead battery. The more you know about your battery and electrical system, the less likely you’ll get stuck. At Firestone Complete Auto Care, we’re here to help you understand just what’s going on with your vehicle’s battery and electrical system.


On average, a battery will last 3 to 5 years, but driving habits and exposure to extreme elements can shorten the life of your car battery. At Firestone Complete Auto Care, we offer a free battery check-up with every visit to our store. This is a quick diagnostic check to estimate the temperature at which your battery may fail. It also gives you some idea how much battery life you have left. One little test tells you if your battery is good to go.

Battery Knowledge

How exactly does a car battery work?

The car battery provides the jolt of electricity necessary to power all the electrical components in your vehicle. Talk about a pretty huge responsibility. Without battery power, your car, as you’ve probably noticed, won’t start.

Let’s take a look at how that powerful little box works:

  • A chemical reaction puts your car in action: Your battery converts chemical energy into the electrical energy necessary to power your car, delivering voltage to the starter.
  • Keep the electric current steady: Not only does your battery provide the energy required to start your car, it’s also stabilizing the voltage (that’s the term for the energy supply) in order to keep your engine running. A lot’s riding on the battery. Call it the ‘little box that could.’

The car battery may be small, but the power it provides is huge. Test your battery now with our Virtual Battery Tester.

Find the right Interstate Battery for your specific vehicle, at the right price — right now.

How do Interstate batteries compare to other car battery brands?

We stock these quality brand batteries — and install them too.

  • Manufactured by Johnson Controls: the world leader in battery quality with 80+ years of innovation.
  • Interstate is #1: Interstate Batteries are the #1 automotive replacement batteries in America with 15 million batteries sold every year – the quality and reliability is in the numbers.

Symptoms & Procedures

Are there any warning signs that may indicate my battery is on the fritz?

“If I only knew sooner.” We’ve all been there before. Fortunately, there are various indications and symptoms that your battery may need replacement:

  1. Slow engine crank: When you attempt to start the vehicle, the cranking of the engine is sluggish and takes longer than normal to start. You’d best describe it as the “rur rur rur” starting noise sound.
  2. Check engine light: The check engine light sometimes appears when your battery power is weak. Strange system indicator lights–such as check engine and low coolant lights–could mean there’s a problem with your battery. (It could also just mean you need more coolant).
  3. Low battery fluid level: Car batteries typically have a part of the casing that’s translucent so you can always keep an eye on your battery’s fluid level. You can also inspect it by removing the red and black caps if they are not sealed (most modern car batteries now permanently seal these parts).
    • Bottom line: If the fluid level is below the lead plates (energy conductor) inside, it’s time to have the battery and charging system tested. When fluid levels drop, it’s typically caused by overcharging (heat).
  4. The swelling, bloating battery case: If your battery casing looks like it ate a very large meal, this could indicate a battery gone bad. You can blame excessive heat for causing your battery case to swell, decreasing your battery life.
  5. Eww, there’s a stinky, rotten egg smell: You may notice a pungent, rotten egg smell (sulfur odor) around the battery. The cause: Battery leaks. Leaking also causes the corrosion around the posts (where the + and – cable connections are located.) The gunk may need to be removed or your car may not start.
  6. Three years + battery age is considered an old timer: Your battery can last well beyond three years but, at the very least, have its current condition inspected on a yearly basis when it reaches the three year mark. Battery life cycles range from three-to-five years depending on the battery. However, driving habits, weather and frequent short trips (under 20 minutes) can drastically shorten the actual life of your car battery.

How do I determine if my battery is too old?

For one thing, you can check the four- or five-digit date code on the cover of your battery case. The first part of the code is key: look for the letter and digit. A letter is assigned to each month — you know, like A for January, B for February and so on. The number that follows nods to the year, as in 9 for 2009 and 1 for 2011. This code tells you when the battery was shipped from the factory to our local Interstate Battery wholesale distributor. The additional digits tell where the battery was made. Car batteries last, on average, three- to-five years. Mind you, there are also weak battery signs to watch for, like a slow engine crank of low fluid level. If your battery case is swollen or bloated, there’s a smelly rotten egg scent coming from the battery or your check engine light appears, trouble may be beyond the bend. And if it’s over three years old? Consider it time for close monitoring. That’s what we’re here for.

Electrical Systems

Can a bad battery harm the charging system or starter?

You bet. If you have a weak ankle, you tend to overcompensate and put more weight–and stress–on the healthy ankle. Same concept with a weak battery. When you have a weak battery, your car ends up putting additional stress on healthy parts. The charging system, starter motor or starter solenoid can be affected.

These parts can malfunction because they’re drawing excessive voltage to compensate for the lack of battery power. Leave this problem unresolved, and you could wind up replacing expensive electrical parts–typically without warning.

Quick Tip: Our Electrical System Check makes sure all the necessary parts are drawing the correct voltage. We’ll know right away if there’s any weak parts that may need immediate replacement. Don’t leave your car’s power to chance, you may end up paying for it later.

How do you know if your alternator isn’t giving your battery enough electricity?

  • The electrical system is possessed. Strange flickering lights or warning lights such as ’Check Engine’ flicker, disappear, and then reappear again. All these malfunctions usually start occurring when the car battery is nearly drained and struggling to provide power. If the alternator is faulty, your battery will no longer receive a charge and is moments away from being totally kaput.
  • The Slow Crank. You’re starting your car, and it keeps turning and turning, eventually starting–or not. This could mean your alternator isn’t charging your battery properly. If you start experiencing the possessed electrical system as well, please stop in to the nearest service facility. Your car could be moments away from a dead battery and alternator.

Let’s review: All the above happens when the battery is not receiving a charge (due to a faulty alternator). Your battery will continue to drain. When it drains completely…well, we all know what happens next: curbed car. And neither you, nor us, want you to go through that.

Quick tip: The sooner we can inspect your vehicle, the less likely you’ll face every drivers’ biggest fear–a car that won’t start. Drive with peace of mind.

The Importance Of Auto Repair On A Bent Frame

When you are in a collision with another vehicle or another kind of object, you are probably in need of auto repair in Corvallis OR. Even if there is no visual damage to the vehicle, their still could be other unseen issues that were caused from the accident. If you are in a collision you may still want to have your vehicle inspected to ensure it is safe to drive on the road.

Sometimes, when owners get back behind the wheel of their repaired vehicle they drive and still feel their vehicle is a little off. This could be caused by the frame on the vehicle being bent. Often, this type of damage can be over looked or repaired improperly. If you think your vehicle may have a bent frame due to a collision you may want to seek auto repair in Corvallis OR services as soon as possible.

One sign your frame is not in proper positioning is misalignment after an accident. For example, if you are driving and you have to pull the steering wheel more to the left or the right to make your vehicle go straight this could be an indication that the frame of your vehicle is bent and needs auto repair in Corvallis OR. Another sign your vehicle’s frame is bent is accelerated tire wear. If after an accident you find yourself replacing tires more then you did before, you may want to have a repair shop check to see if your frame is in proper shape.

The danger of not having this type of auto repair in Corvallis OR can vary. For example, if the frame is bent it could have structural issues that may not hold the weight of the vehicle over a period of time. This could be very dangerous because your car frame is what the large components of your vehicle are bolted to, such as the suspension and engine. If your frame is bent or cracked it may be unable to hold these parts in proper position for a long period of time.

Another issue a bent or cracked vehicle frame can cause is lower gas mileage. Lower gas mileage from a bent frame is caused by the vehicle’s tires being misaligned or crooked, making the vehicle work harder to do things such as accelerate.

Finding Honest Repair Shops

Finding Honest Repair Shops

As a professional mechanic I have some pride in what I do and it is important to me to be able to do a good job as inexpensively and quickly as possible. However, I don’t sacrifice quality for speed; I want to do the job right the first time. This makes me happy and most important it makes my customers happy. There is a saying in my business and sometimes it’s all too true, “There’s never enough time to do the job right the first time, but there’s always enough time to do it right the second time.”
If one of my customers has to bring back his car because I did something something wrong, that hurts my pride and it tarnishes my image. Worst of all, the next time he needs a repair or service he might not bring it back to me. That hurts my business.

I ran a poll with the question: “Do you trust your mechanic?” And I was surprised to see that 46% of those who responded said no, they don’t. This got me to thinking, if you don’t trust your mechanic, why do you bring your car back to him? If you didn’t trust your doctor, you would find another doctor. Your mechanic is very much like your doctor. He has to diagnose and treat your car. In fact if you want to take it a step further your mechanic has to be better than your doctor because your car can’t tell him where it hurts.

Over the years I have built a relationship with my customers. I know them almost as well as I know my own family. I know where and what hours they work, I know what time their kids have to be at practice and when they take their vacations.

I even know what they grow in their gardens. You can’t build this kind of relationship if you think of them as “the ’92 Ford” or “the ’89 Chrysler.” My customers are important to me, not only because they provide me my livelihood, but also because they are people and most of them are my friends.

Everybody wants to work with a mechanic they can trust. Finding one can be difficult but there are some simple steps you can take to find a reputable and highly skilled auto care technician. Doing a little homework will not only save you money, but you will find a mechanic you can trust and one the will give you peace of mind.

1 Shop around for an auto care facility before you need repairs. Having to find a shop when your car is on the back of a flatbed is not a good time to find a quality shop. With the average cost of a new vehicle exceeding $20,000, you will probably be driving you car longer. Basic automobile maintenance is the best way to keep your car running smoothly and avoid costly repairs.

2 Ask the shop for references and follow up with calls to them. You don’t walk into a new doctors office cold, you want to know how good he is first. Physicians always provide a list of references to prospective new patients, and your “car doctor” should be just as forthcoming. Don’t be afraid to ask for references. A few minutes on the phone goes a long way to ensuring you get the quality car repairs you need.

3 Ask family, friends, and co-workers to recommend a reputable shop. Personal recommendations account for 60% of all car-buying decisions. This same method should be used to find a quality care center. Most of my new customers come in on a recommendation from another of my customers.

4 Call your local Better Business Bureau and check a shops reliability and performance before you have repairs done.

5 There is an old saying; “Quality is not expensive, it’s priceless.” This is true when looking for a shop. Don’t shop for price alone. It’s important to remember that you’re not just paying for the cost of the part and the time it takes to install it, but you’re also paying for the professionalism and technical expertise of the technician.

6 If you do a lot of traveling, look for a shop that is backed by a national warranty program. Such warranties cover both parts and labor for 12 months or 12,000 miles.

7 Look for signs that the shop has the equipment needed to properly diagnose your car’s problems. Nearly all cars built since the early 80’s have computer-controlled systems designed to increase engine efficiency, reduce emissions and aid in engine troubleshooting. If a shop doesn’t have the proper equipment to diagnose your car, you may be taking a risk by having it repaired there.

8 Look for a repair facility that employs ASE-certified technicians. It is not generally known that automotive technicians must undergo training and testing every five years to maintain their ASE certification. The ASE symbol is prominently displayed by repair facilities that employ these highly skilled auto care professionals.

Automatic Transmission Diagnose By Symptom


Transmission Noisy, Other Than Valve Resonance

1 Check for gear noise to verify if within normal range.
2 Check linkage for proper adjustment, wear, or damage.
3 Check fluid for proper level and/or contamination.
4 If fluid level is low, add specified fluid to bring level within cross-hatched area at operating temperature.
5 If fluid is contaminated, disassemble, clean, and service transmission, flushing torque converter and cooler.
6 Perform Stall Test. If noise does not stop, proceed to step 7. If noise stops, proceed as follows:
Run transmission in all gears and check for noise.
If noise does not stop in any gear, remove speedometer gear and check for noise. If noise stops, replace speedometer gear.
If noise stops in Low and R only, service forward planetary and/or one-way clutch.
If noise stops in 2nd, High, and R only, service reverse planetary.
If noise stops in High only, service both planetary sets.
7 Check extension housing bushing, seal or propeller shaft.

Automatic Car Starters and Manual Transmissions

3600584969_7179306883_z.jpg - Image courtesy of WatSuonDok, via Flickr (Creative Commons 2.0)

Question: Can a car with a manual transmission use an automatic car starter?

One of my neighbors had a remote starter installed recently. At first I thought it was kind of silly, but I have to admit that I’m getting more and more jealous as the temperature steadily drops. Maybe it is silly, but every time I climb into my freezing cold car, I can’t help but think about how great it would be if it was toasty warm instead.
The only problem is that my car has a manual transmission, and I’m not sure how that would work with an automatic car starter. Is it even possible to get one of these wonderful devices installed in a car that has a manual transmission? And if it is possible, is it safe?


First of all, you are correct on two main points: it is great to jump into a warm car on a cold morning, and a manual transmission is one of the main complicating factors in remote car starter installation. In fact, off the top of my head, there are three main factors that can throw a wrench in the process: an engine that uses a carburetor instead of fuel injection, factory anti-theft devices (i.e. “chipped” keys), and manual transmissions. Each of these complicating factors presents a unique challenge, but the good news is that it’s possible to overcome every single one of them.
Problems with Automatic Car Starters and Manual Transmissions

There are two main issues with manual transmissions that an automatic car starter has to address.

The first is that vehicles with manual transmissions won’t start unless the clutch pedal is fully depressed. This is due to a “clutch interlock” mechanism that is designed to prevent the starter from activating unless someone has pushed down on the clutch pedal.

The other main issue is closely tied into the clutch interlock mechanism. Since it’s necessary to bypass this mechanism in order to remotely start the engine, you could run into trouble if you accidentally leave the vehicle in gear when you shut it off. Although it’s unlikely that the engine will actually be able to start under those conditions, it very likely could lurch forward (or backward if the transmission is in reverse.) If the parking/emergency brake isn’t set, that could result in the vehicle rolling into a building, a roadway, or even hitting a pedestrian.

That means there are actually three things that an automatic car starter has to do if it is installed in a vehicle that has a manual transmission. It has to:

disable the clutch interlock
verify the transmission is in neutral
verify that the parking brake is activated

Solving the Automatic Car Starter Manual Transmission Problems

The simplest issue to take care of is the clutch interlock switch. In order to bypass the need for someone to actually depress the clutch pedal, the automatic car starter has to be wired into the clutch interlock. When you press the start button, the device will then disable the interlock before activating the starter. In a similar process, the device can also be wired to the same parking brake switch that activates the parking brake light on your dash. If that switch isn’t activated, the remote starter will be disabled entirely.

The issue of verifying that the transmission is in neutral is more complicated, and there have been a number of “solutions” throughout the years. Most of these so-called solutions were overly complicated and prone to failure, but modern automatic car starters take advantage of a lot of years of trial and error.

There are a number of ways to ensure that the vehicle is in neutral, but one of the safest involves a multi-step that essentially makes it impossible to accidentally start the vehicle when it is in gear. This setup involves wiring the remote starter in such a way that when you park your vehicle, you push a button on your remote, shut off the key, and the engine keeps running. You then get out of the vehicle and shut the door. The automatic car starter is also wired to the door switch, which signals it to shut the engine off. Since the engine was running when you took your foot off the brake and got out of the car, it has to be in neutral at that point, which means it will be safe to start later on with the remote.

As an added security measure, a system that is set up in this manner will “reset” if the door is opened again prior to activating the remote. That essentially means that if anyone opens the door (and potentially shifts the transmission into gear), the automatic car starter will be deactivated.
Other Automatic Car Starter Issues

Some vehicles present more of a problem than others, but a skilled technician will typically be able to find a safe workaround in just about any case. For instance, some manual transmission vehicles are designed so that the key can only be removed when the transmission is in reverse. That obviously won’t cut it for an automatic starter, but a knowledgeable technician will typically be able to alter the wiring to make it work.

Other vehicles that have carburetors or anti-theft devices require additional equipment and work, and some are best left in the hands of professionals, but even if there isn’t an off the shelf remote start kit that works, there’s almost always a viable solution available.

Toyota Etios Liva – A Review by AutoPortal.com

Toyota Etios Liva is an entry-level premium hatchback which has been popular for its spacious and comfortable interiors. This article will give you an insight of how this car is and how different it is from other hatchbacks.

The Etios Liva made its debut in 2010. The year 2014 saw a revised model of the Liva.

For those who are familiar with the sedan cars of Toyota will find that this car has minimal styling features. The chrome finish on the Etios Liva gives this hatchback the real feel of a sedan. The car has a front smiling grille. An elegant chrome strip below the rear windshield makes the Etios Liva stand out. The three-dimensional lamps make the car more pleasing to the eye.  The top variant of Etios Liva has 15-inch wheels, while the lower-variant has wheels of 14 inches. The car has body colored rear side view mirrors.  The chrome strips on the door handles enhances the look of this car.



The interiors are plush with comfortable seats in dual tone. The speedometer and trip-meter are placed on the dashboard on a stylish instrument panel. Etios Liva has a three-spoke steering wheel in dual tone. The Etios Liva has an air conditioning system that is powerful and its multi-directional vents really make the interiors cool.  The air conditioner does have a clean air filter too.  This hatchback comes with power windows, power steering, rear defogger and remote central locking for maximum driving and travelling comfort. It also has dash integrated music system, steering mounted audio controls for more convenience.  The car has a 2-DIN music system with FM and MP3 consisting of 4 speakers.

This car has 7 variants which are namely J, G, G special edition, V, VX, D-4D GD and D-4D GD SP special edition. It is offered in 7 colors which are Vermilion Red, Celestial Black, Serene Bluish Silver, White, Symphony Silver, Harmony Beige and Ultramarine Blue.

The Toyota Etios Liva comes in both petrol and diesel versions. The petrol engine is a 3NR-FE 4-Cylinder 1.2 L (1197 cc) 16V, DOHC engine and generates 80 bhp @ 5600 rpm and 104 Nm. The diesel engine is a 1ND-TV 1.4 L, SOHC engine and can produce a maximum power of 68 bhp @ 3800 rpm with a maximum torque of 170 Nm.

Known for taking measures for passenger safety, Toyota has given this car an energy absorbing body shell, driver and passenger airbags, and ABS with EBD. It has a 5-speed manual transmission gearbox to enhance its performance. The Etios Liva has a great fuel mileage of 17.71 kmpl and this is ARAI certified.

The Toyota Etios Liva is priced between Rs. 4.40 and Rs. 6.90 lakh

For more information on new cars & bikes log on to Cars expert & BikePortal.in

When does a car battery need to be replaced or time for a new battery ?

The battery is what powers every electrical component in a car. At some point, the car battery needs to be replaced, but when? Is there a way to tell that the battery is failing? How long does it last? Let’s start with why the battery needs to be replaced. Most cars have lead-acid batteries that are made of six cells with lead and lead-oxide plates filled with an electrolyte (dilute sulfuric acid).


  • 01

Slow engine crank:
When you attempt to start the vehicle, the cranking of the engine is sluggish and takes longer than normal to start.

  • 02

Check engine light:
The check engine light sometimes appears when your battery power is weak.

  • 03

Low battery fluid level:
Car batteries typically have a part of the casing that’s translucent so you can always keep an eye on your battery’s fluid level. If the fluid level is below the lead plates : (energy conductor:) inside, it’s time to have the battery and charging system tested.

  • 04

The swelling, bloating battery case:
If your battery casing looks like this you can blame excessive heat for causing your battery case to swell, decreasing your battery life.

  • 05

Battery leak:
Leaking also causes the corrosion around the posts : (where the + and – cable connections are located.: ) The gunk may need to be removed; otherwise, your car may not start.

  • 06

Old age:
Your battery can last well beyond three years but, at the very least, have its current condition inspected on a yearly basis when it reaches the three year mark.


Charging Lead Acid

Learn how to optimize charging conditions to extend service life.

Lead acid uses a voltage-based charge algorithm that shares similarity with lithium-ion. The voltage is allowed to roam within a confined window while the charge current is set and will only moderate during saturation charge. The charge time of a sealed lead acid battery is 12–16 hours, up to 36–48 hours for large stationary batteries. With higher charge currents and multi-stage charge methods, the charge time can be reduced to 10 hours or less; however, the topping charge may not be complete. Lead acid is sluggish and cannot be charged as quickly as other battery systems.

Lead acid batteries should be charged in three stages, which are [1] constant-current charge, [2] topping charge and [3] float charge. The constant-current charge applies the bulk of the charge and takes up roughly half of the required charge time; the topping charge continues at a lower charge current and provides saturation, and the float charge compensates for the loss caused by self-discharge. Figure 1 illustrates these three stages.

Charge stages of a lead acid battery

Figure 1: Charge stages of a lead acid battery
The battery is fully charged when the current drops to a pre-determined level or levels out in stage 2. The float voltage must be reduced at full charge.

Courtesy of Cadex

During the constant-current charge, the battery charges to about 70 percent in 5–8 hours; the remaining 30 percent is filled with the slower topping charge that lasts another 7–10 hours. The topping charge is essential for the well-being of the battery and can be compared to a little rest after a good meal. If continually deprived, the battery will eventually lose the ability to accept a full charge and the performance will decrease due to sulfation. The float charge in the third stage maintains the battery at full charge.

The switch from Stage 1 to 2 occurs seamlessly and happens when the battery reaches the set voltage limit. The current begins to drop as the battery starts to saturate, and full charge is reached when the current decreases to the three percent level of the rated current. A battery with high leakage may never attain this low saturation current, and a plateau timer takes over to initialize the charge termination.

The correct setting of the charge voltage is critical and ranges from 2.30 to 2.45V per cell. Setting the voltage threshold is a compromise, and battery experts refer to this as “dancing on the head of a needle.” On one hand, the battery wants to be fully charged to get maximum capacity and avoid sulfation on the negative plate; on the other hand, an over-saturated condition causes grid corrosion on the positive plate and induces gassing.

To make “dancing on the head of a needle” more difficult, the battery voltage shifts with temperature. Warmer surroundings require slightly lower voltage thresholds and a cold ambient prefers a higher level. Chargers exposed to temperature fluctuations should include temperature sensors to adjust the charge voltage for optimum charge efficiency. If this is not possible, it is better to choose a lower voltage for safety reasons. Table 2 compares the advantages and limitations of various peak voltage settings.


2.30V to 2.35V/cell

2.40V to 2.45V/cell


Maximum service life; battery stays cool; charge temperature can exceed 30°C (86°F). Higher and more consistent capacity readings; less sulfation.


Slow charge time; capacity readings may be inconsistent and declining with each cycle. Sulfation may occur without equalizing charge. Subject to corrosion and gassing. Needs constant water. Not suitable for charging at high room temperatures, causing severe overcharge.

Table 2: Effects of charge voltage on a small lead acid battery
Cylindrical lead acid cells have higher voltage settings than VRLA and starter batteries.
Once fully charged through saturation, the battery should not dwell at the topping voltage for more than 48 hours and must be reduced to the float voltage level. This is especially critical for sealed systems because these systems are less able to tolerate overcharge than the flooded type. Charging beyond what the battery can take turns the redundant energy into heat and the battery begins to gas. The recommended float voltage of most low-pressure lead acid batteries is 2.25 to 2.27V/cell. (Large stationary batteries float at 2.25V at 25°C (77°F.) Manufacturers recommend lowering the float charge at ambient temperatures above 29°C (85°F).
Not all chargers feature float charge and very few road vehicles will have this provision. If your charger stays on topping charge and does not drop below 2.30V/cell, remove the charge after 48 hours of charge. Recharge every six month if the battery remains in storage.

Whereas the voltage settings in Table 2 apply to low-pressure lead acid batteries with a pressure relief valve of about 34kPa (5psi), cylindrical sealed lead acid, such as the Hawker Cyclon cell, requires higher voltage settings and the limits should be set according to the manufacturer’s specifications. Failing to apply the recommended voltage will cause a gradual decrease in capacity due to sulfation. The Hawker Cyclon cell has a pressure relief setting of 345kPa (50psi). This allows some recombination of the gases generated during charge.

Aging batteries pose a challenge when setting the optimal float charge voltage because each cell has its own age-related condition. Weak cells may go into hydrogen evolution as part of overcharge early on, while the stronger ones undergo oxygen recombination in an almost starved state. Connected in a string, all cells receive the same charge current and controlling individual cell voltages is almost impossible. A float current that is too high for the faded cell might starve the strong neighbor and cause sulfation due to undercharge. Companies have developed cell-balancing devices, which are placed on the battery and compensate the differences in cell voltages that occur as a result of cell imbalance.

Ripple voltage imposed on the voltage of large stationary batteries also causes a problem. The voltage peak constitutes an overcharge, causing hydrogen evolution, while the valleys induce a brief discharge that creates a starved state that results in electrolyte depletion. Manufacturers typically limit the ripple to five percent.

Much has been said about pulse charging of lead acid batteries. There are apparent advantages in reducing sulfation; however, the results are inconclusive and manufacturers as well as service technicians are divided on the benefit. If sulfation could be measured with accuracy and the right amount of pulses applied as a corrective service, then the remedy could be beneficial. Giving an abrasive cure without knowing the underlying results can be harmful.

Most stationary batteries are kept on float charge. The so-called hysteresis charge disconnects the float current when the battery is full and on standby. The battery is essentially put in storage and is only “borrowed” from time to time to apply a toping-charge to replenish lost energy due to self-discharge, or when a load is applied. This mode works well for installations that do not draw a load when on standby.

Lead acid batteries must always be stored in a charged state. A topping charge should be applied every six months to prevent the voltage from dropping below 2.10V/cell. With AGM, these requirements can be somewhat relaxed.

Measuring the open circuit voltage (OCV) while in storage provides a reliable indication as to the state-of-charge of the battery. A voltage of 2.10V at room temperature reveals a charge of about 90 percent. Such a battery is in good condition and needs only a brief full charge prior to use. If the voltage drops below 2.10V, the battery must be charged to prevent sulfation. Observe the storage temperature when measuring the open circuit voltage. A cool battery lowers the voltage slightly and a warm one increases it. Using OCV to estimate state-of-charge works best when the battery has rested for a few hours, because a charge or discharge agitates the battery and distorts the voltage.

Some buyers do not accept shipments of new batteries if the OCV at incoming inspection is below 2.10V per cell. A low voltage suggests partial charge due to long storage or a high self-discharge induced by a possible micro-short. Battery users have indeed found that a pack arriving at a lower than specified voltage has a higher failure rate than those with higher voltages. Although in-house service can often bring such batteries to full performance, the time and equipment required adds to operational costs. (Please note that the 2.10V/cell acceptance threshold does not apply to all lead acid types.)


Watering is the single most important step in maintaining a flooded lead acid battery, a requirement that is all to often neglected. The frequency of watering depends on usage, charge method and operating temperature. A new battery should be checked every few weeks to determine the watering requirement. This assures that the top of the plates is never exposed. A naked plate will sustain irreversible damage through oxidation, leading to reduced capacity and lower performance.

If low on electrolyte, immediately fill the battery with distilled or de-ionized. Do not fill to the correct level before charging as this could cause an overflow during charging. Always top up to the desired level after charging. Never add electrolyte as this would upsets the specific gravity and promote corrosion. Watering systems eliminate low electrolyte levels by automatically adding the right amount of water.

Simple Guidelines for Charging Lead Acid Batteries

  • Charge in a well-ventilated area. Hydrogen gas generated during charging is explosive. (See BU-703: Health Concerns with Batteries)
  • Choose the appropriate charge program for flooded, gel and AGM batteries. Check manufacturer’s specifications on recommended voltage thresholds.
  • Charge lead acid batteries after each use to prevent sulfation. Do not store on low charge.
  • The plates of flooded batteries must always be fully submerged in electrolyte. Fill battery with distilled or de-ionized water to cover the plates if low. Tap water may be acceptable in some regions. Never add electrolyte.
  • Fill water level to designated level after charging. Overfilling when the battery is empty can cause acid spillage.
  • Formation of gas bubbles in a flooded lead acid indicates that the battery is reaching full state-of-charge (hydrogen on negative plate and oxygen on positive plate).
  • Reduce float charge if the ambient temperature is higher than 29°C (85°F).
  • Do not allow a lead acid to freeze. An empty battery freezes sooner than one that is fully charged. Never charge a frozen battery.
  • Do not charge at temperatures above 49°C (120°F).

What are Fair Labor Rates for Car Service??

How to Find Fair Labor Rates for Car Service

With the National Highway Safety Administration estimating that consumers are being ripped off by billions of dollars every year by auto repair shops more persons are asking, what are fair labor rates for car service? There are websites that can help consumers find fair labor rates by providing online information of real-time shop repair estimates, based on over 400,000 accredited repair shops in the United States. Their estimates include average labor costs and hours of completion for various types of services.

Fair Hourly Labor Rates for Car Service

When looking around for a repair shop to get your car serviced or repaired,it is very important to know what a shop charges per hour for labor.On average, labor rates range from $60 to $100 dollars per hour at local repair shops to $80 to $140 per hour at dealerships in some states.In some states like California, labor rates may be as low as $45 per hour in lower income areas and as high as $100 per hour in high income areas.Some repair shops have different hourly labor rates for different types of services rendered, for example mechanical versus electrical work.This is a fair way of determining labor costs and may save the consumer some money on their bill.

Labor costs should be listed as a separate category on the repair order;this includes labor dollar values and labor time in hours and tenths of hours. Separate listing of labor costs is actually a requirement by law in many states.Some auto repair shops do not post labor rates on their bills, and this allows them to manipulate charges with a labor matrix. Once you have taken in your car to a shop for service or repair and you know their hourly rate for labor, it is important to multiply the rate by the number of hours that your car is repaired for.  This will ensure that you know what the correct amount for labor should be on the bill.Some customers don’t stop to do the math and end up getting ripped off.

Fair Flat Rates for Car Service

Some auto shops charge a flat rate (menu selling) for repairs or services.The bill is not broken down into parts, tax and labor.This can make it difficult to determine if the price charged is fair or not.The good thing is that usually flat rates are competitively priced.The repair shop should determine the flat rate time for a service either from the manufacturer or from one of several published guide books, such as Alldata, Snap-on, Motors and Mitchell.These authorities use time studies to determine average repair times.

Ask the Experts

Determining what are fair labor costs for car service can be challenging; however, consulting experts and authorities in the automotive industry can provide accurate answers.The informed and equipped consumer will be able to expect and demand fair labor rates for services rendered on their vehicle.

Car Repair – Car Repair in the Event of Flood Damage

If the engine is running at high revs and (or) the flood is very deep the engine will hydraulic; this means that following the induction of water on the compression stroke, the engine will lock up as water cannot be compressed.

Occasionally, this will cause further issues such as bent con-rods, the risk of which increases if the driver then attempts to crank or start the engine.

If mechanical damage such as this occurs then it isn’t a problem that can be repaired roadside.


1. Never Crank the engine. This can easily cause more expensive damage.

2. Remove all induction components i.e. air filter box, air metering devices and all air ducting and disconnect injectors (electrically)

3. Remove Spark Plugs (Petrol engines) or Glow Plugs (Diesel engines)

4. Dismantle as required to allow water to escape from throttle body and inlet manifold.

5. Reverse step 4

6. Crank engine by hand to check timing

7. Crank engine with throttle pedal fully depressed until all water is ejected; but beware of high pressure water being ejected from combustion chambers. Reconnect Injectors
8. Re-fit one spark or glow plug and crank again. The engine should “cough”.

9. Re-fit second spark or glow plug and crank again. The engine will “cough” and may even run.

10. Re-fit third spark or glow plug and crank again. The engine will probably run.

11. Re-fit the fourth plug and crank again. The engine should run.

12. Ensure all induction components are dry and re-fit using a NEW air filter.

13. Start engine. It should run normally if the engine hunts (faltering revs) the air flow sensor is suspect.

14. Change the oil and oil filter. Mil light may be on so code clearing may be required.

15. Sell the car quickly!

For five, six and eight cylinder engines, the process is the same just repeated for each cylinder.

Repairs and Maintenance You Can Do Yourself

There are lots of auto repair and auto maintenance tasks that you can do yourself with little experience and simple tools. Troubleshooting will lead you to a repair that you can do yourself to save money and time. This list of DIY repairs and important maintenance tips will really help to keep your car in top shape, avoiding costly repairs later.
Regular Maintenance

There’s nothing more important than regular maintenance to keep your car out of the repair shop. It may seem like a waste of time to constantly perform maintenance tasks on your car, but the money you save by keeping your car’s systems operating well is worth the effort. Regular maintenance is more than changing oil, and there are different maintenance tasks for different seasons. Be sure you’re up to speed and up to date.
Easy Fixes

If you’re a beginner at auto repair, these are some easy tasks to start out with. All of these repairs come up from time to time, and if you can do it yourself, you’ll save time and money, and gain experience in auto repair. Next time, you’ll be ready to tackle serious repairs.
Electrical Repairs

Electrical repairs make up a large percentage of automotive fixes. Much of your car is electric or electronic. Knowing how to make some of these electrical repairs on your own can be very helpful. Not only will you be able to fix electrical problems, you’ll be able to troubleshoot other issues that are related to your electrical system in some way.
Advanced Repairs

These automotive repairs are for DIY mechanics who are comfortable working on their cars and have enough experience and tools to tackle advanced repair jobs. If you haven’t completed some easy stuff yet, you should brush up to be sure you are up to these tasks.

There are lots of auto repair and auto maintenance tasks that you can do yourself with little experience and simple tools. Troubleshooting will lead you to a repair that you can do yourself to save money and time. This list of DIY repairs and important maintenance tips will really help to keep your car in top shape, avoiding costly repairs later.
Regular Maintenance

There’s nothing more important than regular maintenance to keep your car out of the repair shop. It may seem like a waste of time to constantly perform maintenance tasks on your car, but the money you save by keeping your car’s systems operating well is worth the effort. Regular maintenance is more than changing oil, and there are different maintenance tasks for different seasons. Be sure you’re up to speed and up to date.
Easy Fixes

If you’re a beginner at auto repair, these are some easy tasks to start out with. All of these repairs come up from time to time, and if you can do it yourself, you’ll save time and money, and gain experience in auto repair. Next time, you’ll be ready to tackle serious repairs.
Electrical Repairs

Electrical repairs make up a large percentage of automotive fixes. Much of your car is electric or electronic. Knowing how to make some of these electrical repairs on your own can be very helpful. Not only will you be able to fix electrical problems, you’ll be able to troubleshoot other issues that are related to your electrical system in some way.
Advanced Repairs

These automotive repairs are for DIY mechanics who are comfortable working on their cars and have enough experience and tools to tackle advanced repair jobs. If you haven’t completed some easy stuff yet, you should brush up to be sure you are up to these tasks.

Auto Repair and Troubleshooting Reference Information and Specs

It can be difficult to make your own auto repairs if you don’t have access to definitions, statistics, specifications and other vital information that is referenced often in how-to articles on auto repair and auto troubleshooting. If you need a description for air conditioning, fuel injection, your cooling system or ignition, we’ll help you out with that.
Tools and Terminology

Trying to make sense of a troubleshooting tip or a DIY auto repair how-to guide can be difficult if you’re unfamiliar with the lingo. It’s important to have a resource available to help you understand how to use specialized automotive tools or help you understand how parts of an automotive system come together to make that giant bag of bolts into something you can drive to work.
Tools and Terminology

Trying to make sense of a troubleshooting tip or a DIY auto repair how-to guide can be difficult if you’re unfamiliar with the lingo. It’s important to have a resource available to help you understand how to use specialized automotive tools or help you understand how parts of an automotive system come together to make that giant bag of bolts into something you can drive to work.
OBD and OBD-II Diagnostics

Modern cars have computer systems that do their own troubleshooting. These systems are referred to as OBD or On Board Diagnostics. When something is awry, the system will make a note of the error and store it in the computer for a technician (or you) to retrieve later. These error codes can be invaluable in trying to troubleshoot a problem your car is having. The OBD system can be overwhelming, but once you’re familiar with it you’ll be happy to have the information handy.
Dealing With Your Mechanic

Sometimes you have to break down and resort to the repair shop. Not every repair job is a DIY job, and you should only attempt a repair that you feel confident you can complete safely and successfully. When you have to take your car to a mechanic, it’s important to know how to properly communicate and protect yourself. The more you know about your car and what to expect at the repair shop, the better armed you’ll be to get your car fixed right the first time, at a good price, with absolutely no chance of being ripped off.

Car accessories- Essential for any car for smooth function


Car accessories consist of important and luxury automotive parts in the shape of supplementary gears. These gears are a lot utilized for modifying the vehicle for fresh look or feel. In addition, automotive accessory improves the general performance of an automobile and makes the travel time comfy, convenient and pleasing.

Automotive components and accessories are made-up from diverse substances comprising metal molding, plastic molding, plastic molded gears, etc. Manufacturing of it need expert proficiency and state-of-the-art acquaintance of the trade styles. These can moreover be custom engineered, derived from the unique demands of the consumers.
Buying excellent car accessories is such a thing that most people plan to execute. Every person who has a vehicle wants to sustain it so that it can be used for an extensive time. But, if you are planning to purchase it online, then there are certain things that you must remember.

Do explore regarding the diverse car parts accessible online. This does not imply just gathering information on the item that you wish to buy; you must also get information regarding the place from where you will acquire them. By doing the exploration, you can locate the finest items at economical costs, too.

Some of the cities where car accessories shops are in great demand in India are
New Delhi, the capital of India, is well-known for its political significance and industries. The city is moreover is a very exceptional market for car accessories. Lots of shops of car accessories in Delhi sell diverse sorts of auto accessories for meeting the wants of the Indian and intercontinental motor brands.

Bangalore, the main IT center of India, is home to many industries, which apparently comprises the car accessories business, too. There are numerous shops of car accessories in Bangalore that help the vehicle holders in special ways.

Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is an address to a lot of industries as well as trades. This is one of the causes why Mumbai is identified as the business capital of India. Shops of Car accessories in Mumbai are associated with all types of contemporary accessories that the auto parts customers always search for.

Car accessories are not just embellishments on your car but they additionally play a key function behind the durability of the vehicle. The city is moreover is a very exceptional market for car accessories. Lots of shops of car accessories in Delhi sell diverse sorts of auto accessories for meeting the wants of the Indian and intercontinental motor brands.

Overwhelmed Challenges in the Automotive Industry

In Automotive Industry first major barrier that had to be overcome was the speed. The first motor vehicle constituted a breakthrough at the time, however it soon became apparent that it was a really useful invention was necessary to get more speed, which would result in a decisive advantage over the carriages of the time driven by animal traction. Appeared along with speed the issue of autonomy as a basic need to cover long distances once without having to constantly refuel. This problem was solved with the invention of the internal combustion engine based on liquid fossil fuels, beyond the crude steam engine originally drove these vehicles.

The first cars did not have enough to hold more than one occupant space. Gradually the designs have evolved to be able to carry more people. Hence, the next challenge was getting the car became a marketable vehicle scale, around which generate a whole automobile industry. In this sense, in the 50s and 60s of last century began to be marketed vehicles low cost, small size and affordable for all families to have a utility prices. Into the 70 and 80 represented the main challenge safety. Increasing the speed at which vehicles could circulate increased significantly, so a fundamental need was to design systems for both active and passive safety that allowed lead following traffic criteria. At this time began to be installed security systems such as the lateral rebar systems and antilock braking wheels called “ABS”, standard on cars of German origin and subsequently incorporated into many other models. Later, with the advent of computerization of cars appeared various electronic systems that were much safer driving. Systems such as the “Airbag” “ASR” or “ESP” that are totally everyday carry all soon be operational.

At present, the main challenge for automotive industry engineers and designers is none other than the reduction of fuel consumption. The introduction of new environmental and economic criteria mainly led builders to design ever more efficient engines with lower fuel consumption and emissions without compromised performance. However, in parallel to the evolution of vehicle maintenance thereof has been gaining importance and more costly and complicated. Changing the battery in car or engine oil no longer be simple tasks to become increasingly specialized repairs.

Automotive, became one of the most profitable sectors, but also the most competitive accordingly. From this new paradigm that changed the world of manufacturing also has been many years until the current process in which the major brands are established in places where labor is cheap and the price of land is very low. And thus controlling the distribution chain a tremendously profitable business is achieved.

Auto Body Repair, Dent Repair

Sometimes your car will receive a dent or gouge that’s too small to justify the expense of a full body shop repair but too big to simply ignore. You can cut your repair costs by doing the body work yourself.

Body filler (known outside the professional realm buy its popular trade name of Bondo) has a bad rap, but used correctly it can result in a well done repair. There’s not a body shop out there that doesn’t use a little body filler.
In the old days, body filler was made of lead, but the resulting loss of brain cells and reproductive acuity sent the use of this material packing. Aside from a very few holdovers, body filler is a plastic resin that is sandable, adheres well to metal, and lasts a long time.

We’ll show you how to properly use body filler to repair a dent. The main ingredient you’ll need is patience. A rushed body repair never ends well. Take your time and you’ll have great results.

What You’ll Need:

sandpaper – 150 grit, 220 grit, 400 grit wet/dry
body filler (with hardener, usually included)
glazing and spot putty
rigid plastic spreader
flexible plastic spreader
automotive primer
patience, patience, patience!

Be sure you block out a few hours (at least) to do a proper repair. It’s hard to stop in the middle without risking a screw-up.

The impact of the Decline of the American Auto Industry on Staffing Industry

Long-term commitment to new learning and new philosophy is required of any management that seeks transformations. The timid and the fainthearted, and the people that expect quick results, are doomed to disappointment.” — Dr. William Edwards Deming

In a nutshell, the above statement characterizes what is wrong with the American automobile industry, and why we are losing market share to the Japanese.

It’s amazing to think that Japan, a country that was bombed almost to oblivion in the Second World War, would come back in just a few decades to be a fierce economic rival. What’s even more amazing is that it is to a great extent attributable to one man –an American statistician named William Deming.

After WWII, when Japan was trying to rebuild their shattered economy, they enlisted the help of Dr. William Deming, who had just come up with the 14 principles of quality. Deming theorized that committing to producing high quality products, instead of focusing on producing in large quantities, would actually reduce production costs. Lower production cost maximizes profitability, while high quality products help increase market share.

Sounds like a great plan, right? Well, the Japanese agreed with Deming and immediately started implementing Deming’s ideas. On the other hand, when Deming tried to sell his ideas to American manufacturers, he was dismissed as a quack. Clearly a prophet is not appreciated in his own home! Americans are obsessed with short-term goals. How soon can we recoup our investment? How soon can we make a profit? We want quick results, instant gratification.

Over the years, the Japanese built a reputation for building high quality, affordable cars. Sales were low at the beginning, but they persevered and won the public relations war on quality. American automakers made tremendous sales in the ‘50’s, ‘60’s and ‘70’s by compromising on quality, and churning out millions of cars, but they were gradually losing the quality perception war to the Japanese.

Which brings us to the present-day disaster that we are facing in the American auto industry. Not a day passes without hearing on the news or reading in the papers about yet another mass layoff at an auto manufacturing plant. The Big 3 are shutting down plants across America, crippling local economies and stretching local and state budgets to the limit from decreased tax revenues and increased unemployment benefits payouts.

While we hear about the smaller companies that are dependent on the Big 3 –parts suppliers, and service providers – we hardly hear about the impact on the Staffing Industry. The impact on the staffing industry may not be broadcast on nightly news, but it’s, nevertheless, there.

In recent years, the Staffing Industry has generally outpaced the general economy in growth, with 2007 being a record year, when over 3 million placements. However, with the recession, decline in U.S. manufacturing and the poor fortunes of the Big 3, the Staffing Industry is leveling off.

With the Big 3 being forced to tighten their belts and restructure to survive, so will the Staffing Industry be forced to adapt. Jobs in manufacturing are disappearing, so we need to re-evaluate business strategy and re-focus our niche markets. We also need to look on the positive side. For instance, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that the Staffing industry will become the second-largest job-growth American industry.

There are still opportunities for growth for the Staffing industry. The laid off workers still need to find alternative employment, and the economy is starting to show signs that the recession has bottomed out. Economic recovery should begin towards the end of this year, and with it increased job postings by employers. The American Staffing Association reminds us why the Staffing Industry is resilient:

One cannot over-estimate the importance of the Staffing Industry to the American economy. Job recruiters are the bridge between job seekers and employers. They seek out talented job candidates for employers, while linking job candidates to job opportunities. In a way, the Staffing industry is the oil that keeps the gears of the economy moving efficiently.

There is a light at the end of the tunnel. It only took 50-plus years, but Dr. William Deming’s voice is finally being heard in America. If we can make it through this dark period in America’s auto industry – and we will –there is a brighter future for America. What’s good for the auto industry is good for the Staffing industry.

“A journey of a thousand miles begins with just one step”.

How To Check A Used Car For Transmission Problems Before You Buy It

The first most importantly thing to do is ask the salesperson for the used car history records. By doing this procedure may save you some time and money. If the used car history report shows that the car in fact was a rental vehicle or has been involved in an accident, there is no point to even looking at it any further recommended. Ask the previous owner or salesperson if any repair has been done to the transmission. If the automatic transmission has already been rebuilt, abstain from buying the car. By saying that… not suggesting that all rebuilt transmissions will have problems but in some cases they work even better than before. The problem is that not all transmission shops can do equally the same high quality job. And since there is no way to verify if it was rebuilt properly or not, it’s better not to take chances. Another thing to be concern about is, ask if the used car you are looking to buy was not used for any towing purposes. Many vehicles that have a towed history like an example towing a trailer. Have much greater risk of having a worn out transmission because of the use for towing that can put a sustainable amount of strain on the transmission over time.

How To Check A Automatic Transmission

You should first get started by checking the transmission fluid level and condition.
With the engine idling, transmission in “Park” (some cars may have different procedures, refer to owner’s manual if needed) remove the automatic transmission dipstick and wipe it off with a clean cloth. Then insert it back in and pull it out again. Check the fluid level, low level may indicate a transmission leak. Pay close attention at the fluid very closely. It helps to drip the fluid on a white paper towel to be able to see fluid condition. The fluid on the paper towel should be clean and transparent, without any metal filings or black flakes. New fluid usually comes out red. Over the time in use it become more of a brownish of color, but it shouldn’t be black.
Try to smell the fluid. It should not have a burnt smell.
It may seem to be difficult to tell at first, but after you check a few similar cars, you’ll be able to pin point the difference with ease.
If you discover that the transmission fluid is too dirty or black, or smells burnt, avoid buying such a car.
Keep in mind, however, that some modern cars simply don’t have the transmission dipstick and require special procedures performed in a shop to check the fluid level. In this case, the only way to check it is by doing a test drive.

Automatic Transmission Indications Of Possible Transmission Problems Overview

One of the indications of a transmission problem is delayed engagement, when there is a long delay between the moment you shift the shifter into “D” (Drive) or “R” (Reverse) and the moment the transmission kicks in.
It’s easier to note delayed engagement after a car was sitting for a while: With the transmission in “P” (Park) start the engine, and wait until the engine rpm has reduced to normal level (650 – 850 rpm).
With your foot holding down the brake pedal, shift to the “D” (Drive) position. Almost immediately the transmission should engage – it feels like the car wants to creep forward. This should happen very smoothly, without a strong jerk or clunk.
Shift to “N” (Neutral), and the transmission should disengage. Now, still holding the brakes, shift to the “R” (Reverse) position. Again, the transmission kicks in almost immediately – you will feel the car wants to creep backward. This also should be very smooth, without a jerk or clunk.
Now, still holding the brake pedal down, try to shift from D to R and back. There should be no strong jerk or clunk.
If there is a notable long delay (more than 1 seconds) between the moment you shift and the moment the transmission kicks in, such a transmission might be either too worn or has some problem.
If you feel a strong jerk or clunk while shifting, the car may have a transmission problem, avoid such a car.

Now it’s time to test drive the car.

With the shifter in “D” (Drive) position drive gently, with smooth and gradual acceleration. Until the vehicle reaches a speed of 30-37 mph (50-60 km/h) or you should feel the gears shifting at least twice (from first to second, and from second to third gear).

All shifts should be done very smoothly, without jerks or slipping.
You should be able to feel when the transmission shifts by the slight change in the engine tone or change in engine rpm. If the transmission is severely worn it may shift with quite a strong jerk, shudder or a delay (especially from first to second gear).
Driving at a speed of 25-30 mph (40-50 km/h) if you press down the accelerator pedal for a few seconds, you should feel downshifting to the lower gear, if the automatic transmission works properly.

The next step: check overdrive.

While driving at 60-70 km/h or 35-45 mph on a level road, without using the accelerator, switch overdrive ON. You should feel an up shifting to the next speed. Switch it to “OFF,” and you should feel a downshifting.
Another thing to watch out for that may indicate the transmission has a problem is the slipping. When the transmission is excessively worn it may slip – which means you press the accelerator, the engine rpm increases but the speed remains the same.

While during a test drive you feel any problems such as the transmission seems to be slipping or shifts with a jerk or shudder or if the transmission got stuck in some gear, or has trouble shifting into a particular gear (for example, from second to third), You should avoid buying such a car.
Always try to test drive the car as long as possible. Often the transmission may work well when it’s cold but when it’s warmed up it starts giving troubles or vice versa. So, it is better to spend more time checking the transmission thoroughly than later repairing it at your expense. Normally there should be no shudder, no noises or any kind of strong jerks at any speed and at any engine temperatures while any shifting is going on. If the salesperson tells you that the jerks or shudder or any other abnormal transmission behavior is “normal” for this car or it’s just because the car is cold or anything alike…, don’t trust them. If the “check engine” and, or a flashing overdrive light comes on while driving, have the vehicle inspected with a certified mechanic before buying a vehicle.

How To Check A Manual Transmission

You should first check for oil leaks. There should absolutely not be any leaks.

Now, shift the transmission lever into neutral. Apply the parking brake. With the engine idling, press the clutch pedal all the way, hold it down, and listen for noises. Then release the pedal and listen for noises again. There should be no loud noises at either positions.
The next step will be to take the car for a test drive.
Try to drive the vehicle at different speeds in all gears, one by one. Every gear should shift smoothly and easily without any noises or jerks. While driving at the second or third gear, try to press down sharply on the accelerator pedal for an instance. The clutch should not slip.
If you feel any slipping (example like… the engine rpm increases but the speed remains the same), then the clutch most likely has to be replaced.
Try to drive with acceleration and deceleration there should be no grinding, whining or humming noise under any condition circumstances. All the gears should shift easily and noiselessly free.

Now that you know a whole lot more about…, How To Check A Used Car For Transmission Problems Before You Buy It. You may consider shopping at CarShopster.com for Used cars, New cars for Sale Online. We have over 5 million Used Cars, New Cars, listings at Local or Nationwide dealerships and automotive resources of cars for sale inventory in your area.

Commonly Encountered Torque Converter Problems (Automatic Transmission)

A torque converter does the job of the clutch in a vehicle with manual transmission. It transfers the rotating power generated by a vehicle’s engine to the transmission mechanism in order for it to shift gears automatically. There are three major torque converter parts—the pump, the turbine, and the stator.

The pump is attached to directly to the engine, and spins at the same speed as the motor. Inside the pump are many fins, which, as the pump spins, direct hydraulic fluid outward to the turbine. The turbine then spins at close to the same speed as the engine, but in the opposite direction. The spinning of the turbine causes the transmission torque converter to rotate and drive the wheels. The hydraulic fluid exits the turbine at its center, moving in the direction opposite to how it was forced in by the pump.

The beneficial part of a torque converter is that it is able to enhance torque when there is a difference between the input and output speed of rotation, which then provides about the same torque as a reduction gear. A converter can be, and is often, used not only in automobiles but also in boats and in buses used for public transportation.

A converter, like any vehicle part, gets worn out and requires the occasional torque repair or torque converter part replacement. You can also opt to upgrade your converter for a high performance driving experience. When you know the limits of your converter, you can spare yourself from torque repair woes, which is more common than you might think. Of course, most of the problems can be avoided by simply knowing the limitations and capabilities of your converter.

Overheating is probably the most common converter problem encountered by users. There is more than one reason for overheating your converter. There could be a defect on the spark plugs; the distributor timing might be off, or there is continuous high level of slippage. Torque repair shops would have to control this situation by checking for the seals, to make sure they haven’t melted away. Broken seals lead to leaks, and leaks lead to poor circulation of transmission fluid.

Due to sudden loading or excessive heating of the converter, the pump and/or turbine blades may get deformed, separated from their hubs or annular rings. On worse cases, they may even break into fragments. At the least, this type of transmission torque converter will result in a significant loss of efficiency, producing symptoms similar to those seen in stator clutch failure. In extreme cases, you might have to undergo total torque rebuild mode. Replacement of torque converter parts like the turbine and the stator is an expensive process. This problem can be rooted to plain bad and careless driving.

A converter problem called ballooning is also commonly seen among units. What happens is, pressure and stress put on the converter’s housing causes it to distort and eventually break. Hot oil and converter parts will automatically spew out. This is a very serious problem that is caused by prolonged operation under excessive loading, very abrupt application of load, or operating a torque converter at very high RPM. For efficient and high performance of your converters, make it a habit to regulate speed and load. The occasional check up is also helpful.

For torque converter services such as torque repair, torque converter installation, torque converter clutch adjustments, and purchase of new or remanufactured torques, check out Ameritorque. They service the areas of Tampa, Brandon, St Petersburg, Clearwater, Lakeland, Hillsborough, Pinellas, Pasco, and Polk.

Manual Transmission/hydraulic Clutch Fluid: Monthly Automotive Maintenance

The latest edition of our monthly maintenance “how to” series, is going to teach us how to check the hydraulic fluid in a vehicle with a stick shift, or in other words, a manual transmission. Cars that have a manual transmission use either a cable, which connects the transmission and the clutch, or a hydraulic system, for which you need a fluid to help keep it running efficiently, and smoothly.

For the purpose of this article, we will assume that you have determined that your vehicle is equipped with a hydraulic clutch system. You can easily find out which type of automatic transmission that you have in your car, by reading your owner/operator manual, or by researching your vehicle make and model online. A browser search using the name and year of your car will return results pertaining to any question about your type of car that you want to ask.

The steps listed below will guide you through the process.

Hydraulic clutch fluid in a manual transmission.

There really is no actual “clutch fluid”, so what you are going to use will be stated in your manual. Likely, it will be either some type of automatic transmission fluid, or perhaps even a brake fluid, or motor oil, which is also designed for use in manual transmissions.

1.    Park the car on level ground, turn off the engine, and allow it to cool down.
2.    If the clutch pedal went directly into the engine compartment, this is where you would find the clutch master cylinder and clutch reservoir. At the back of the engine.
3.    You should be able to see a plastic container; it is only about an inch big. It looks similar to the brake fluid reservoir, only quite a bit smaller.

4.    The hydraulic fluid reservoir is usually made of clear plastic, so you should be able to check the fluid level without even having to open it up.
5.    If the fluid level does not reach the top of the reservoir, then you should add hydraulic fluid.
6.    If your clutch pedal is not working properly even after you add fluid, or the fluid level continues to drop, then there is probably a leak somewhere in the hydraulic line, or in the reservoir itself, or at the connection between the pedal and the hydraulic line.

In some vehicles, there is actually no place in the engine compartment where you can easily check the hydraulic fluid level. The only way a check can be accomplished is from underneath the car. If you’re not comfortable yet with your newly learned acquired maintenance skills, and your vehicle is not exhibiting any shifting symptoms, don’t worry. Just have the hydraulic fluid level checked at your next oil change.
However, if you want to give it a try, here are the steps to do it.

1.    Get under the vehicle, and locate the fill plug, it should be underneath where the clutch pedal is.
2.    Remove the plug and stick your finger in, (it won’t leak out on you because the reservoir is tilted), if you cannot feel any fluid with your fingertip, add some.

Do not try to check your hydraulic fluid level, without consulting your manual first.

The Perks of a Manual Transmission

Vehicle transmissions come in two options: manual or automatic.  With an automatic transmission, the car, truck or SUV will automatically shift gears for the driver. Conversely, with a manual transmission the driver is responsible for actively shifting between gears.

Many of us drive automatic vehicles, but there are several advantages to driving a manual transmission. If you don’t know how to operate a stick shift, you may want to consider learning. We’ve compiled a list of why investing in a manual transmission might be a good option for your next vehicle.

Not as Pricey – One of the most obvious advantages to buying a vehicle with a manual transmission is the price tag. If you are car shopping on a budget, as most of us are, you can save a fair amount selecting a manual transmission instead of an automatic. The average automatic transmission is approximately $800 to $1,100 more than a manual transmission. Obviously, manual transmissions are the way to go if cost is your main deciding factor while vehicle shopping.

Better Control – Another perk to a manual transmission is additional control over handling. Manual transmissions tend to have a quicker shift response. More control over your vehicle really comes into play during incremental weather. Extra control can make all the difference in slippery or icy road conditions.

Fun to Drive – Many owners of manual transmissions wouldn’t have it any other way. They enjoy playing a bigger role in the driving experience by having to switch gears.

Minimal Distracted Driving – One of the most dangerous driving behaviors out there is distracted driving. Automatic transmissions require less focus and attention because they shift gears automatically. In some cases, automatic transmissions allow drivers the potential to zone out or concentrate on unrelated activities when behind the wheel.

Less Expensive Maintenance – In many cases, the upkeep and repair cost is lower on a manual transmission compared to an automatic one.  From fluid prices to clutch replacement, all of these repairs tend to be less costly than replacing an automatic transmission.

In addition to all of the aforementioned perks, it is worthy of noting that most sports cars have manual transmissions. Without a manual transmission, sports cars just lose some of their appeal because there is nothing better as a driver than shifting gears as you speed increases.

Whether you are interested in exploring manual or automatic transmission options in the Kansas City area, the Kansas City dealership of McCarthy Hyundai Olathe can assist you. Our parts, service and sales departments all work together to ensure that our customers receive the best vehicle experience possible.

Automobile Industry and the Recession

Automobile industry has a special impact on the daily life of the modern day man, which requires fast mobility with reliability. The rapid growth in automobile industry has had its ebbs and flows. Currently it is undergoing a recession globally. The auto industry is evolving new strategies and signing up new contracts and joint ventures in an effort to stabilize itself and avoid further slump. There is a particular need for rationalization of taxation and customs policies in order to support enterprises producing automobile components. Automobile and automotive parts & components manufacturers make the major portion of the automotive industry throughout the world. Automobile manufacturing sector consists of truck manufacturers, motor vehicle body manufacturers, motor vehicle parts and supplies manufacturers. This is engaged in manufacturing of automotives and light duty motor vehicles, personal utility transport vehicles and chassis, cabs, trucks, automobile and utility trailers, buses, military small and heavy vehicles and the main parts of the motor vehicle engines.

In 1997, the majority of automobile construction enterprises have passed through the lowest critical point and began to increase production volume, restructuring themselves while taking into account consumer requirements, their solvency, and the overall economic situation. Thus, in the first six months of 1997 there was a substantial increase in the volume of production compared to the corresponding period in 1996.

The global automotive industry is highly diversified and includes different sectors like manufacturers, suppliers, dealers, retailers, original equipment manufacturers, automotive engineers, spray painters, motor mechanics, auto electricians, aftermarket parts manufacturers, body repairers, fuel producers, environmental and transport safety groups and even many of trade unions. The global leaders in auto industry are United States, Japan, China, Germany and South Korea. The United States of America is the world’s largest producer and consumer of motor vehicles and automobiles accounting to almost 6.6 million direct and indirect-jobs. Automobile industry is one of the significant ones in the world that provides employment to 25 million people across the globe.

This industry is largely dominated by the five giant automobile manufacturing corporations namely Toyota, General Motors, Ford Motor Company, Volkswagen AG and Daimler Chrysler. These corporations have their presence in almost every country of the world and they continue to invest into production facilities in emerging markets namely Latin America, Middle East, Eastern Europe, China, Malaysia and other markets in Southeast Asia. To overcome certain production costs many mainstream auto corporations have established there units worldwide.

Engine parts form one of the largest segments of the automotive components industry. The latest trend in this sector is of outsourcing a part of the engine to different vendors who provide good comparative technological expertise as well. Recently auto industry is going through its worst periods. The global giants are facing the toughest economical crisis. This is also resulting in heavy losses to the work force in the form of lost jobs. There are varied factors behind this decline of automobiles industry that have badly affected it as a whole. Nonetheless, it is hoped that this industry, which is an integral part of the modern day life and has stood the test of time in previous recessions, has the tenacity and the resilience of bouncing back once again.

Avoid Towing Your Cars and Call For Mobile Repair Services

A busy day struck with a car repair will be the worst day ever in one’s life. People find it really hard to find a mechanic to repair their cars in the middle of the road. All their plan will be to tow the car to a near by workstation. But that is more time consuming work which will cause more disturbances on your day’s plan. And towing is also a money consuming option where you must have to spend some $200 to $300 for towing your car to near by workstation.

In California, there is always an option that makes you feel easy during your car break downs. You don’t have to call a towing vehicle or never have to take your cars to near by workstation. But the workstation will come to your location. The mobile repair services in California will send you the technicians who were well trained and experienced in car repairing. They will fix your car at no time and also charges very less. The auto repair Fremont and auto service Oakland are the services chosen by people often to fix their cars. This is because these services are cheaper yet quality one.

Apart from mobile repair services, these servicing companies also provide fleet maintenance services and auto repair services at their workstations. The auto service Redwood City is a very famous service in California offered by different servicers in the state. The customers are expected to visit the workstation with their cars to avail these auto repairs and felt maintenance services. This is because; the equipments used for these services cannot be ported to the customer locations. With high quality equipment and well experience and certified technicians, the services rendered will be top in quality and cheap in cost.

To avail the mobile repair service of these companies, you are expected to make a call to them and have to mention the location in which the car is at present. To avail the fleet maintenance and auto repair services, you will be expected to schedule an appointment before you visit the service station. This will avoid too much of crowd visiting the company at the same time. The payment modes are also very simple that these servicers will accept cash mode, credit and debit cards. So if you are struck with car break down, don’t call a towing vehicle; call a mobile repair servicer and get your work done on time.

Auto Repair and Maintenance, Tuning, Motor Sports and Camping Cars’ at the one place, Automotive Aftermarket at KINTEX!

SEOUL, South Korea, March 28, 2013 /PRNewswire/ — Automotive Week 2013, a professional exhibition specializing in automobile aftermarket will be held from coming March 28th to 31st for four days in Kintex.

The 7th Automotive Week is co-hosted with Seoul Motor Show, the biggest motor show in Korea. It provides a place people can see trends of auto market and aftermarket. Partnering up with Seoul Motor Show, Automotive Week 2013 is called ‘2013 Seoul Motor Show Aftermarket Special Exhibition’.

221 great companies in auto maintenance, tuning and motor sports including Llumar Korean, Hansol Engineering, Sinheong Sejin, Solarzen will participate. The number of booths is 1,100 and main displays will be Motor sports facilities, tuning or customized cars, performance tuning parts, dress-up parts, black-box, Auto repair shop facilities, gas station facilities, and A/S parts.

This year’s Automotive Week is expected to cater various demands of visitors with special sections for motor sports, car accessories and black box. Especially, the expanded auto-camping leisure display zone will provide any information about camping cars and their repair or maintenance. Last year, many people were interested in auto-camping.

During the exhibition, various events will be held for visitor to experience by themselves. Tsuchiya Keiichi will have a drifting demonstration and signing. And car audio installment demonstration show will catch visitors’ eyes and ears. Besides, goods for camping like tents and car accessories can be given away and photo time with racing models is planned.

Export consultation with foreign buyers will progress on the opening day of the exhibition. 300 foreign buyers from 19 countries will visit. Among them, meticulously selected 80 companies will be able to participate in export consultation. Last year, the consultation resulted in export deals worth of 85 billion WON and is anticipated it to boost export of competitive displayed goods. With National Maintenance Technology Contest, Advanced Auto-Repair Culture Seminar and Auto A/S Industry Job Fair will help professionals to interact information and technologies.

Drifting Experience Drifting shows and a chance to experience drifting with Japan’s Drift King Tsuchiya Keiichi is planned in a specially designed circuit track located in the rear of KINTEX Second Exhibition Center.

Automobile Camping and Recreational Vehicle Hall A total of 17 companies in the camping and recreational vehicles market will participate in Automotive Week. Recreational vehicle manufacturers, importers, and exporters, as well as outdoor goods specialist and RV maintenance companies will be available for duration of the whole event.

Inviting Influential Foreign Buyers Export consultation with foreign buyers will progress on the opening day of the exhibition, March 28th. Consultations will be held to assist the domestic automotive aftermarket supplier s with entrance to international markets. Over 300 influential buyers from 19 countries will visit selection of 80 companies to directly engage in export consultations. .

Nationwide Automobile Maintenance Competition Korea Association of Auto Technician and Korea Institute for Vocational Evaluation will be co-hosting the 6th National Automobile Maintenance Competition that is being held for two days. This competition is to select a superior maintenance specialist and to increase consumer’s understanding regarding maintenance and features of their car. The competition will be held for students and professionals. They will be tested on electronic equipment repair and maintenance, gasoline engine tune-up, chassis device repair and other skills related to maintenance.

Advanced Automobile Maintenance Society Korea Association of Auto Technician, Car Tech, Kintex will be hosting Advanced Automobile Maintenance Society seminars from 30th to 31st of March. Seminar will focus on the topic of effectively responding to rapidly changing automotive technology and the advancement of the domestic maintenance industry. It is also set to introduce state-of-the-art automotive maintenance industry trends.

Automotive A/S Industry Job Fair Blue Hands Association, KINTEX, and Korea Association of Auto Technician will be hosting Automotive A/S Industry Job Fair from the 29th to 31st. Recruiters will be on site for job opportunities for employment in automotive technology for students and licensed specialists. Counseling for students who are preparing to enter the workforce and experienced specialists in need for career advice can come and consult with specialists in the industry.

Installing Car Audio and Competition WAC (World Association for Car Audio) Korea will be demonstrating installing car audio and hold a competition every day of the event at the KINTEX Hall 8. This event is to increase mutual cooperation between car audio manufacturers and distributors. And, to reach out to the general consumers of the product. Aurix, 6 DB, LIB Sound and other manufacturers with distributors will be showcasing 35 vehicles equipped with sound systems.

Motorsports Exhibition Hall Motorsports Exhibition organized by GP Korea will be held for four days. Team EXR, which is led by Actor Ryu Si Won, will showcase its new 2000cc Class Formula Renault at the exhibition to the public. EXR will have its own booth with two of their team’s racing car. Atlas BX, HK Loctite, INJE Autopia, and other companies related to racing will attempt to create the motorsports track atmosphere.

Automobile Accessories and Black-box At Hall 8, visitors can check out Black-box along with other car accessories and purchase it. The Automobile Accessories Hall will display superior products from different company that visitors can try. Bullseye, ImageNext, DS Telecom and other domestic companies will exhibit the latest black-box.

About Matthew Wright, Our Auto Repair Expert


Matthew Wright, your About.com Guide to Auto Repair, has been trained in both journalism and auto repair, with extensive experience in both fields. He attended Georgia State University’s well known school of journalism, where he studied newswriting. Prior to this he worked for years in the automotive industry, running a repair facility in Atlanta before moving to the great state of New York.

Matthew has experience in both journalism and auto repair. He has worked in the automotive industry since 1989, specializing in European auto repair and rebuilding. After almost a decade in the business, he began working as a reporter in 1996, and has held positions as a newspaper staff writer and magazine editor. After some years in journalism, he returned to the automotive world, opening an exclusive repair and restoration facility for vintage European makes.

Matthew attended Georgia State University where he studied print journalism and held the position of news editor at the University’s weekly newspaper, but the real education came from years of maintaining, troubleshooting and repairing both my own cars and those for our first repair facility, Wright Brothers Automotive. There is no substitute for experience, and Matthew’s experience goes back to 1989.
Matthew Wright

Doing your own auto repair, troubleshooting and maintenance can be very rewarding! Not only will you save money by avoiding some trips to the repair shop, the more you fix yourself the better you know your car, and that makes sense on all fronts. With a little help, you can be greasy and accomplished in no time at all. And for those times that a trip to the mechanic is unavoidable, you’ll know when you’re being treated fairly and when somebody might be trying to rip you off. Throw a little mechanic-speak back at those guys and watch their tune change before your eyes. Now get out there and dirty up!


SEATTLE, June 29 /PRNewswire/ — In the first enforcement action under a new law, a chain of auto repair shops in King and Pierce counties has agreed to reimburse eight customers more than $10,000, Attorney General (AG) Christine O. Gregoire said today.
In a suit filed against H.C. Auto Care Inc. the Attorney General’s Office alleged the firm violated the several provisions of Washington’s auto repair disclosure law that went into effect Jan. 1. The AG’s Office claimed H.C. Auto:
— Installed parts on vehicles without accurately indicating on
invoices whether the part was new, used or rebuilt;
— Kept customers’ payments for repairs not performed, or for parts
not delivered or installed; and
— Failed to post signs explaining customers’ right regarding auto
“These and other violations of the law demonstrate the need for our tough statute against unfair or unscrupulous auto repair practices,” Gregoire said. “Most consumers must rely heavily on the expertise and, equally important, the honesty, of auto repair specialists.”
H.C. Auto operates nine auto repair facilities in Seattle, Bellevue, Lynnwood, Federal Way, Tacoma, Kirkland and Renton. Its headquarters are in Seattle.
In addition to paying $10,208 in restitution to eight consumers, the firm has agreed to pay about $3,500 in attorneys’ fees and court costs, under a settlement filed Monday in King County Superior Court. An additional civil penalty of $15,000 was suspended, on the condition the firm does not violate state consumer laws. The company does not admit any fault in the settlement.
This enforcement action comes on the heels of 12 training sessions statewide on the new Automotive Repair Act. More than 1,100 service managers and independent shop owners participated in the sessions, conducted by the AG’s Office between October 1993 and May of this year.
For the last several years, automotive repair concerns have comprised the largest or second largest category of complaints received by the AG’s Consumer Protection Division. This high volume of complaints prompted Gregoire to propose significant changes to the auto repair law in 1992. Last year, auto repair concerns ranked second with 1,500, or 8 percent of the total complaints to the Consumer Protection Division.
To help educate the public, the AG’s Office has published “Auto Repair Law,” a brochure on consumers’ rights and how to deal with auto repair facilities. It is available free by calling 800-551-4636, or, for the hearing impaired, 800-276-9883.
Assistant Attorney General Douglas D. Walsh and Investigator Tim Schindele handled this case for the Office of the Attorney General.
-0- 6/29/94
/NOTE TO EDITORS: The following Tukwila resident, who is one of the eight consumers receiving restitution, is available for interviews: Michael Greener, 206-244-4506/
/CONTACT: Doug Walsh, Consumer Protection Division, 206-464-7243, or Dean R. Owen, Public Affairs Office, 206-586-1883, both of the Attorney General’s Office/


representatives of the automotive repair industry have developed a code of ethics to demonstrate to consumers the high standard of service used by participating companies. The code was developed by the Maintenance Awareness Program (MAP), a group of automotive repair companies and trade associations which is administered by the Automotive Parts & Accessories Association (APAA).
“Developing a code of ethics is an important step in fostering two- way communication between the repair industry and the customers we serve,” said Lawrence S. Hecker, APAA president and MAP chairman. “The code encourages consumers to have high expectations of the level of service provided by our industry; expectations that we have an obligation to fulfill every time a customer walks through the door.”
The code was composed by MAP’s Service Provider Task Force, which includes the following companies: Bridgestone/Firestone, Car-X Muffler and Brake, General Motors, Goodyear, Midas International, Monro Muffler, Montgomery Ward/Auto Express, Pep Boys, Sears, Speedy Muffler King and Western Auto.
Other MAP initiatives include the development and establishment of standards for preventive maintenance and system inspection for automotive technicians and consumers. MAP’s consumer education brochure, “Under the Hood and Around the Car,” is now available at no charge by contacting MAP or the Consumer Information Center in Pueblo, Colo.
The Maintenance Awareness Program is an industrywide coalition dedicated to strengthening consumer confidence in the automotive repair industry. Spearheaded by the Automotive Parts & Accessories Association, MAP’s participants represent more than 130 retailers, suppliers, independent service stations, industry associations and publications.
Based in Bethesda, the Automotive Parts & Accessories Association is the only international automotive aftermarket association representing the entire industry. Its 1,500-plus member companies are manufacturers, retailers, wholesalers, distributors, manufacturers’ representatives and others who make and market automotive products and services.
1. That recommendations will be clearly explained to the customer
and based on system failure, improved system performance or
preventive maintenance according to accepted industry standards.
2. That personnel will be properly trained and qualified to perform
an accurate inspection and/or service of vehicle systems.
3. That a written estimate will be provided and no work will be
performed without a prior authorization.
4. That a written limited warranty will be included at no
additional cost.

Auto parts and automotive repair and maintenance services, ITP and wash / car care.

Tenders are invited for Auto parts and automotive repair and maintenance services, ITP and wash / car care.

Procurement Providing Spare Parts and Car Accessories, Services for Maintenance and Repair of Motor Vehicles, Automotive Periodic Inspection and Cleaning and Car Care Services for Motor Vehicles Belonging to the Headquarters of the National Forest – Bucharest Kerslake.

Total quantity or scope: quantity of the framework agreement

Minimum and maximum amounts specified in the Framework Agreement Annex 2.1 (labor and parts revisions), Annex 2.2 (parts revisions) and Annex 2.3 (other service centers) in the specification


Minimum and maximum amounts of the largest subsequent contract specified in Annex 2.4 (labor and parts revisions), Annex 2.5 (parts revisions) and Annex 2.6 (other service centers) in the specification.

Estimated value excluding VAT: 961,569.5 RON

Time limit for receipt of tenders or requests to participate: 10.11.2014 16:00

Conditions for opening tenders: Date (closing date of the tender evaluation): 24/11/2014 6:00 p.m.

Language or languages in which may be tender or to participate: Romanian Currency in which the forward price: EUR

Division into lots: No

Deposits and guarantees required: The security of participation: 19,000.00 USD. Validity of tender guarantee of 90 days from the date stated for receipt of tender. Bid bond will be established in accordance with Art. 43 ^ 1 of GEO 34/2006 and art. 86, paragraph (1) of H. G. No. 925/2006 amended and supplemented, by bank transfer or by a guarantee instrument issued under the law of a banking company or an insurance company in the form presented in the form “Letter of Guarantee”. If the bidder opts for the collateralisation of participation by bank transfer, it will transfer equivalent collateral in one of the National Forest accounts Kerslake (RO 1,590,120, J40 / 450/1991) RO20BRDE410 account SV54016774100 – BRD P-ta Romanian ; RO68RZBR0000060000681176 – Raiffeisen Bank P-ta Romanian. Evidence of participation guarantee (regardless of how it is made up) scanned in SEAP will load in a file entitled “Warranty of participation” with the qualification documents and technical bid and shall be filed and the office of the contracting authority, in the original until the date and time for submission of ofertelor.In situation in which SMEs benefit from 346/2004 Law, bidders are required to post proof that they are SMEs. If you choose to pay the guarantee of participation in another currency equivalent will be the exchange rate of the date set 5 days before the deadline for receipt of tenders. Bid bond shall be returned as provided by art. 88, para 1, 2, 3 of H. G. No. 925/2006 IBAN account stated in the form of general information or in case stipulated by art. 88, paragraph



LANCASTER – Antelope Valley College has become the first community college in California to have its automotive technology program certified by the Automotive Repair Coalition.

`The Automotive Repair Coalition gave the college its highest competency ranking – level three – in five areas: engine repair, heating and air conditioning, emission systems, suspension systems and brake systems,” campus public relations director Steve Standerfer said.

The Sacramento-based ARC consists primarily of after-market companies such as Firestone, Goodyear and Sears looking for skilled automotive technicians. The level-three certification in California Automotive Technician Training Standards means a graduate of the college’s program will have complete comprehensive training in the specified skill areas and will require minimum supervision, Standerfer said.

The certification is indicative of the excellent work of the faculty in preparing students for their chosen career, AVC President Linda Spink said.

The program met the requirements that the repair coalition was looking for, automotive instructor Chuck Capsel said.

Capsel, along with instructor John Knapp, worked to obtain the certification, Capsel said.

One of the key factors in the process is the fact that the program is industry-driven, he said.

`This certification indicates that the program at Antelope Valley College is a high-quality, comprehensive automotive program which meets the high standards of the automotive industry,” said Maggie Drake, AVC Technology Education Division dean. “The industry will recognize that students who complete our program are well-prepared to meet their needs.”

Drake believes an infusion of new, state-of-the-art automotive equipment and training stations over the past two years helped AVC obtain the certification, she said.

< Lancaster United Methodist Children’s Center is accepting applications for its kindergarten.

The program also offers after-school care, kindergarten teacher Jo Marie Brandon said.

The nondenominational center, which is one of the ministry projects of Lancaster Methodist Church, was known since 1963 as the Lancaster United Methodist Preschool, Brandon said. The name was changed in 1997 with the establishment of the kindergarten to reflect a center that houses both programs, she said.

“Our kindergarten is a full-day kindergarten,” Brandon said. “We run 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. It’s nondenominational. You don’t have to be Methodist. You don’t even have to go to the church here. It’s just one of the ministries of the church.”

The kindergarten follows state guidelines, Brandon said.

The cost of the kindergarten program is $265 a month, interim director Pennie Leighton said.

The preschool program runs from two to five days a week, she said.

The center conducts some fund raising, always welcomes donations and is open to the idea of possible business sponsorships, Leighton said.

How to Flush an Automatic Transmission System

If you have ever looked through your car’s owners manual, it probably says that the car is maintenance free in a lot of areas. In fact, newer cars may even advertise you never have to change things like the automatic transmission fluid. I would not suggest you follow that advice. Engines create a lot internal heat because of the friction of the churning of the engine inside the torque converters, clutch plates, gears and bearings. This friction, or grinding, is what accumulates tiny bits of debris that eventually leads you back to the car lot to buy another automobile.

Most mechanics recommend you the change the fluid and filter every 30,000 miles for older vehicles.  Newer cars that run on Dexron III ATF are supposed to be able to go 100,000 miles

before you need to flush and replace the fluid.

If you are interested in flushing all of the old automatic transmission fluid out of your engine, the following process explains how it can be done in your garage, even by a novice mechanic, and save you money.

I should note that the following procedure was performed on a 2000 Nissan Maxima, but the procedure applies to all vehicles. I suggest you look online for a forum dedicated to your type of vehicle if you have any questions.
How to Flush an Automatic Transmission

The first thing you need to do is go and get all of the materials you will need for the transmission fluid change because once you get your car jacked up and start emptying it out, there is no stopping and going back to get what you forgot. Well, unless you have another car.

First make a list of what you need. I recommend starting out with 10 quarts of AT fluid. My preference is Mobil 1 Synthetic, but you will also want to buy some regular type of fluid, meaning less expensive, because you will be using it to flush out the old fluid, then replace, then flush again, then replace.

So rather than using the expensive synthetic fluid to flush the old out, use the less expensive fluid first, and end the process with the Mobil 1 Synthetic Automatic Transmission Fluid which is the fluid that will remain in the engine.
Now You Are Ready to Begin

Jack up either the front or drivers side of the car and put jack stands underneath the car.

Remove the drivers side engine undercover that protects the bottom of the engine. Be careful not to break the grommets that hold the cover in place.

Remove the drain plug from transmission and drain fluid into a proper container. This will drain approximately 4 quarts.

Insert the drain plug back into the pan and tighten.
Pour the same amount (approximately 4 quarts) of new transmission fluid into the transmission. The transmission should now be back to stock level.

Disconnect the fluid supply line at the bottom of radiator. This is the bottom line connected to the transmission. Be very careful removing this line, it’s very easy to break the hose nipple on the radiator.

Note: If the transmission fluid comes out of the bottom of the radiator instead of the hose you are holding you have the wrong line. Hook that one back to the radiator and remove the other one.

Put the end of the hose into a clean, clear or white plastic 1 gal container. While you are holding the hose get someone to start the car until the transmission pumps out approximately 2 qts  and the gallon container is half full. This should take 15-20 seconds.

Flush 2 quarts at a time to prevent draining the transmission. Remember, you are only taking out 2 quarts at a time from a system that holds 10 quarts.
Refill with 2 fresh quarts of fluid after taking out 2 quarts.  By only removing 2 quarts at a time, it allows the transmission to remain filled with enough fluid to prevent damage and also have enough new fluid in it to “push” the old fluid thru the converter and out the return line as you go.

Repeat the previous steps until fluid changes color. Since you already put 4 qts in initially and the transmission holds 9 qts we are talking about approx 5 qts.  If you buy 10 quarts and repeat the process 2 to 4 time, it will ‘push’ out all of the old fluid.  If your fluid is in fairly good condition the color change will be very small and may not be noticeable, so stop at 10 qts.
Remember to use the Mobil 1 Synthetic last when you are finished flushing it through the hose.
Reinstall the hose to the radiator.

Replace the engine cover, and lower the car.

Check the transmission fluid level by removing the dipstick to make sure you have the correct amount in the system.
Summarizing the Process

What you have basically done is removed all the fluid from the pan and the internal pump and system and replaced all fluid internal to the transmission without shocking your transmission  like the force flush machines do at the automotive shops.

This is much simpler than it sounds. I personally use clean, empty water  jugs and compare the fresh fluid level in one jug with the level of old fluid in the other jug so that I could replace the old fluid with the exact amount I took out. It is ok to eyeball the 2 quart level. Just refill the same amount, then repeat the drain process, then add another 2 quarts. The entire process should take about 30 minutes, less if you have a helper.

Advantages of Driving a Manual Transmission

Although better gas mileage is not always a guarantee, with some new cars having advanced fuel economy features built in.  However these are the exception not the rule, and most of the people that are looking into buying cars are not purchasing a new car.  If the car you are checking out is more than a couple of years old, then having a manual transmission is one of the largest factors in improving your gas mileage.

This is because when you are driving a manual, you can shift sooner than an automatic would.  You can also skip gears, contrary to an automatic where you have to cycle through each one.

Less Distractions

This may seem like an odd advantage, as often times you hear automatic transmission drivers say that they are not interested in learning manual because it seems like “too much to think about”.
It’s true that driving stick as opposed to automatic is more to think about, but in this case, it’s a good thing.  Once you are used to driving manual, you put about as much thought into shifting and working the clutch as you do putting on a turn signal- which is to say nothing.  It’s just something you do by feel, and on instinct.  However, the fact that you are paying more attention to driving is overall a good thing.  Typically when you are driving automatic, you may feel more confident with the car cruising in drive, and may feel more inclined to do some sort of distracted driving.  Obviously it is still possible to text and drive, and things of that nature, while driving stick, but you are less likely to be considering poor decisions like that.  After all- you’ve only got two hands, and one of them is on the wheel and the other on the shifter.

Fair enough- driving a manual transmission will not magically allow you to both get better gas mileage and have a faster car- it all depends on how you drive.  However, in the off chance that you are in a situation where you want more speed, traditionally stick is faster than automatic.  Shifts are more swift, and pull outs are faster, assuming that you are competent with the clutch.
This is not always true of course, as many modern car manufacturers have developed automatic transmission that can now shift faster than a manual (BMW is particularly known for this.)  There are also tiptronic transmissions or “flappy paddle” gearboxes that can be faster than a traditional stick shift.  Therefore it is important to remember that a faster car is not guaranteed.  Just like with gas mileage though, if you are not looking at purchasing a new car, then it is almost guaranteed that it will be faster than an automatic… for those times when you need it.
Cheaper Maintenance

Cheaper maintenance is probably one of the most popular reasons behind driving a manual.  For one, generally manual transmissions simply do not go- they are built to last long, unlike automatics which have a tendency to fail in high mileage situations.
If you do ever have to pay for work on a manual transmission, it is more likely just the clutch getting replaced.  Typically, there you are looking at hundreds of dollars, as opposed to thousands of dollars like with an automatic.  Stick shift is simply simplier.

One thing that is very important to keep in mind here in relation to cheaper maintenance is the cost of an automatic transmission replacement.  If you are buying a cheap car, say, you are only spending $4000 on something with a lot of miles on it, then a transmission replacement would be worth more money than the value of the car.  In cases such as this, buying a manual should be a lock.  There is no reason to buy an automatic when purchasing a cheap car with high mileage, because one of the most valuable parts, the transmission, could start to go bad at any time, rendering the rest of the vehicle useless, and with repair bills costing more than the value of everything else.

Important Auto Body Supplies for Car Owners

Auto Body Supplies Are Critical For Basic Car Maintenance

Whether or not you are a car mechanic, as long as you own a vehicle it is essential that you also own some auto body supplies. Being prepared for general auto repairs and having the necessary tools to keep your vehicle in overall good running condition will prolong the life of your car and can save you a lot of expenditures in the long run. So, what auto tools and supplies do you need the most and where can you find them?

There are some basic auto body supplies that every car owner should have on hand, as well as some others that can make car maintenance a lot easier. Many of these tools can probably already be found in your garage, basement or shed. Having a set of wrenches, for example, is always handy. A small set of adjustable wrenches will be helpful in many occasions, as is a socket set for work involving nuts and bolts. Other types of wrenches you may want to have are a spark-plug wrench and an oil-filter wrench. For anything you have difficulty reaching, a set of pliers can be the solution. And of course, you can never go wrong with a basic set of screwdrivers. You can find many of these tools at hardware and equipment stores like Northern Tool (which also carries a wide supply of more extensive auto body supplies).

To perform basic maintenance such as adjusting your car’s fluid levels, you will need a funnel as well as a bottle of oil. A couple of small towels and rags are also surprisingly necessary supplies that people often forget, and these can be used in a variety of other car maintenance activities. Going along with cleanliness, you may also want to get a set of durable gloves (made of heavy cloth, not plastic). Not only will these keep your hands protected from injury while you work on your car, but they will also save you from having to vigorously scrub away dirt and oil stains from your fingertips when you are finished— unless of course you are using these stains to prove your “handiness” to friends and family!

Many people use wrenches to knock at stuck parts on their vehicles, but this can damage them (in addition to not being a very effective means of car repair). Consider then, adding a rubber mallet to your auto body supplies if you do not already have one. A rubber mallet can be used for banging parts loose, therefore helping to preserve your other tools and keeping it in good, working condition.  After all, you don’t want to have to buy new tools all over again anytime in the near future.

Some auto body supplies will be specifically for emergency situations. For example, consider having a set of jumper cables in case the vehicle’s battery should die. Flat tires are another emergency situation, and for changing them you will need a lug wrench as well as a jack for propping up your car. Some vehicles may already come with a basic jack, but the better quality and more effective hydraulic jacks are worth buying. In addition to these items, be sure to have a pressure gauge for checking the air pressure in your car’s tires.

While not really considered an auto body tool, a flashlight is an important emergency item that is all too often overlooked. You should get a flashlight for each vehicle that you or your family members may own, along with some extra batteries. Many auto body supply stores sell smaller flashlights that can be stowed away in the glove compartment of your vehicle. Some auto flashlights can even be recharged through your car’s cigarette lighter.

Almost all vehicles break down at some point or another and end up with damaged parts. More extensive car repairs will obviously require specially ordered parts or even the help of a professional. However, there are a few minor auto body parts that are helpful to have on hand. A spare tire, for example, can be a lifesaver in many situations.

Many car owners may have longer lists of supplies, largely depending on the condition that their vehicle is in. Chipping paint, which should always be taken care of before it turns to rust, will require touch ups with new car paint and a finishing spray. Meanwhile, rusted paint on a vehicle will mandate tools to sand down or scrape away the rust to bare metal, then a primer and new paint job. Car paint supplies are also a necessity if you’re into car restoration. If your car’s frame is extremely rusted, new auto body panels may be the best solution, and in some cases the only solution. Be aware, however, that auto body panels will generally have to be ordered either through an auto parts store or online auto parts retailer (though you can always get these replaced by a professional instead of doing it yourself).

You may also want to get new auto body panels if yours are very scratched or dented, but for the most part these can be fixed with repair kits and dent fillers. When in stores look for Bondo, a brand that specifically manufactures auto body dent and scratch repair supplies. Bondo offers a good selection of fillers, dent repair kits, suction dent pullers, finishing spray and other items. You can find these products at most stores that sell auto body supplies.

Getting the auto body supplies you need is fairly simple, but saving money while you do it isn’t always as easy. If you have the time, it is best to compare prices between different tool and auto supply retailers such as Harbor Freight and Autozone. House of Kolor also has a wide selection of auto body supplies, as does the aforementioned Northern Tool. Car restoration enthusiasts and professional mechanics can also find many of their needed shop and auto body office supplies at these same retailers. Some may even offer discounts for items ordered in bulk.

Windshield Sun Shade – A Must Have Car Accessory

If you live in a hot and sunny climate, owning a windshield sun shade for your car is most certainly a car accessory that you should buy as soon as possible. If you already own a car sun shade then you already have a clear notion of the benefits for both you and your car.

Why Should I Buy a Windshield Sun Shade for My Car?

While the reasons for owning a sun shade may be obvious, stopping to really consider the benefits a bit further might be all the push you need to go buy one of these wonderful shades for your car.

Below are the top reasons to buy a windshield sun shade.

1. Lower Car Temperature – Having a sun shade in your car can drastically lower the internal temperature of your car on a sunny day. Usually, one side of a car sun shade is reflective. This feature helps reflect the sun’s rays away from you vehicle thus causing the temperature to remain generally lower. Windshield sun shades will easily cover the inside of your vehicle’s windshield and prevent sunlight from entering. Think of the size of a typical windshield. Now, think of all the sunlight that is heating up your car on a hot sunny day! Introducing a good sun shade for your windshield will be a small, but very worthwhile investment.

2. Protects Your Dashboard – The sun can cause damage to items that are exposed to it for too long. It can cause your vehicle’s dash board to become dry and crack. The sun’s rays can also have a sun bleaching effect on the colors of your interior and make them dull over time. Using a windshield sun shade for your car will be instrumental in preventing further damage to your vehicle’s dash board and interior.

3. Can Be Personalized – There are literally hundreds and thousands of different windshield sun shades out there, one of them is sure to fit your style. If you felt so inclined, you can also have sun shades printed with some form of advertisement or saying if you so chose. When it comes to personalizing your car sun shade, the sky is the limit. Sun shades can add a bit of flare to any vehicles whose windshield you happen to grace with them.

Where Is the Best Place to Buy a Sun Shade for My Vehicle?

Auto Parts Retailers – Most auto parts retailers have sections devoted solely to car accessories. You are sure to find a quality windshield sun shade in a store such as this at a moderately low price. Shop around if you can because there are sure to be some differences.

Wal-Mart – If you are looking for a cheaper, but very effective sun shade for your car, Wal-Mart might be the way to go. They offer a pretty decent selection of options at their already low prices. They also carry quite a few other car accessories as well that you may be interested in buying.

Online – Most every retailer imaginable has a website. There are thousands of options online for windshield sun shades. Any major search engine can lead you to the top listings for sun shades for your car. Also, try sites like Craigslist.com as you can rather easily pick up a used windshield sun shade for incredibly cheap or even free!

If you own a vehicle and find that you are tired of getting into a hot sweltering vehicle on a sunny day, then I highly recommend you invest some money in a decent windshield sun shade. it certainly doesn’t take a whole lot of time to find what you are looking for as they are not the most dynamic of products. In the end, you will be very grateful for owning a sun shade for your windshield! Stay cool and enjoy your windshield sun shade!

Is Tesla The Future of Automotive Vehicles


The Tesla Model S is one astounding automobile, it is the first premium brand in the electric car industry. Tesla makes the electric car look good in comparison to the Toyota Prius. Tesla makes premium luxury electric vehicles capable of updating and performing maintainance from a simple wi-fi connection. The Tesla Model S comes with a long list of upgrades and features driving the price into the six figure range. The Tesla Model S P85 the top of line model with basic options starts at $85,900. That price steadily creeps up as you add more features and options fully loaded you’re looking at a healthy $118,700. This includes P85+ edition, carbon fiber spoiler, Tesla Red Brake calipers and more…

Now on to the stuff that matters can the Tesla do as well as its gas guzzling counter parts. The base model Tesla Model S sports at 65kWh battery that claims 302hp and 0-60 in 5.9secs and a top speed of 120mph. The mid-level Model S sports a 85kWh battery with 362hp and 0-60 in 5.4 seconds and a top speed of 125mph. Then, the 85kWh performance model with 416hp and 0-60 in 4.2 seconds with a top speed of 130mph. One  thing is clear is that in the top speed group, cars in this price range will out run the Tesla in a long distance sprint. However, the electric battery of the Tesla will give it a distinct advantage in the acceleration area since power is available almost instantly. This is perfect for the average street race from light to light. Then comes the questions that plague all-electric cars, the range and the how long does it take for the battery to load.

The base Model S 65kWh has a EPA range of 208 miles and the 85kWh models have a EPA range of 265 miles. Thais pretty impressive however, if you completely drain the battery and decide to charge you car from a standard wall outlet it will take you over 52 hours to charge. If you use a 240v outlet you can decrease the time down to 9 hours and then the high power wall connector a $2000 extra will charge you car in 4 hours. Tesla is launching its new superchargers across the country which will allow you to fully recharge your car in 1 hours an impressive time. However, you can charge your car from any outlet anytime according to Tesla.

The biggest advantage of owning an Tesla is the zero cost for fuel and other maintainance cost that plague gasoline driven vehicles. The Model S doesn’t need and oil change, spark plugs, filters and more importantly gas. The average savings over a comparable vehicle is approx. $700 plus a healthy federal tax credit for owning an electric vehicle. The ROI on the Tesla is the biggest selling point.


Though there is lots of room for improvement both in battery performance and range the Tesla Model S gives us a glimpse at the future of automobiles that specialize in conversing the environment and reducing the amount of emissions. There still may be issues with charging times and charging locations but with the rapid expansion of the market this should no longer be a large issue in the coming years. The Model S combines luxury qualities plus exciting performance and a great ROI over the years of ownership. The Tesla Model S is a great buy for those who can afford the hefty price and want to do their part in preserving the economy.

Cars Most Commonly Involved in Lemon Law Cases

With the current economic climate, there are many Americans who are in the market to purchase a new vehicle at an alarmingly discounted rate. While the price tags on many luxury and standard vehicles may look appealing, it’s also important to review these potential purchases against lemon law cases. Here are five cars most commonly involved in lemon law cases.

Lexus Car Troubles

According to various lemon law reports, the luxury brand Lexus is a repeat offender. Many consumer complains include problems with front passenger power seat capabilities, driver’s side air bag deployment, seat belt tension, accelerator pedal becoming temporarily stuck under the carpeting floor mat, headlights and lamps, fuel systems and exterior lighting. These problems exist over a number of models in years and makes.

Land Rover Range Rover Suspension and Steering Issues

Many drivers view the Land Rover Range Rover as a luxury SUV, along as one of the safest and most versatile vehicles on the road. The Range Rover is powered by 282 hp, 4.4 liter V8 engine along with a five-speed automatic transmission. Along the lines of passenger safety, the Range Rover offers emergency brake assist, skid-correcting dynamic stability control and electronic brake-force distribution. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), common problems of the Land Rover Range Rover include failures of air suspension, steering column issues, problems with auto gearbox, transmission problems and stalling problems. Other common consumer complaints include stalling and parking brake issues.

Mercury Lemon Cars

Mercury is another top offender when it comes to faulty vehicles. For example, in recent years, the Mercury Sable has had many complaints, ranging from faulty seats, engine and cooling systems on certain vehicles with air filters that can smolder or burn, faulty windshields, malfunctioning stop lamp switches and wiring, recalled seat belts and even problems with the power train automatic transmission. Problems have risen with the Mercury Sable from models from 1986 through 2004.

Cadillac Fuel Filter Issues

Cadillac is also on the top of the list of repeat offenders with their vehicles and have been reportedly involved in a number of California lemon law cases. The Cadillac Allante had a particularly dangerous fault to its design when certain replacement fuel filters were sold for use on this vehicle and certain school busses. The connector on the fuel filter was not manufactured to certain specifications, and as a result, the O-ring may not have been seated correctly on the fuel line. This condition may have been able to cause an inadequate seal at the connection, which could have potentially leaded to a fuel leak. In the presence of an ignition source, a fire could have occurred. This same issue arose in other models, including the Cimarron, Deville and El Dorado.

Ford Paint Defects

In the 2000 through 2005 models, Ford issued a Technical Service Bulletin that showed a major paint defect in large Ford, Lincoln and Mercury cars, trucks and SUVs that used aluminum body parts, which resulted in a reduction of vehicle weight. Affected models are the 2000-2004 Crown Victoria, Taurus, Expedition, F-150, Ranger; Mercury Grand Marquis, Sable; Lincoln LS, Town Car Navigator and the 2000-2005 Explorer and Mercury Mountaineer. The bulletin stated a bubbling or blistering under the paint on the aluminum parts due to iron contamination on the aluminum panel.

Tips for Changing Automatic Transmission Fluid in Ford F-250, Ford Expedition and Lincoln Navigator

Ford Super Duty Trucks and E-Series vans are very similar
Step By Step Instructions Changing Transmission Fluid

This article will be especially helpful for owners of Ford Super Duty Trucks, Ford Excursions, all E-series vans, Ford Expeditions and Lincoln Navigators that are newer than the year 2000. This article will also work for any other vehicle that requires a 4R100 transmission fluid change. It seems as though the need to change the transmission fluid always comes at such an inconvenient time, but as responsible vehicle owners, we realize that it’s a necessary evil. Keeping your Ford transmission healthy can save you a huge headache and expense in the long run.

It is easier than you think to change your transmission fluid, filter and gasket for your Ford F-250, F-350, Excursion, E-Series vans, Expedition and Lincoln Navigator. Changing the transmission fluid on a Ford F-250 is almost the exact same process as a transmission fluid change in a Ford Expedition and Lincoln Navigator. Transmission fluid for E-Series vans is necessary to keep your Ford Truck running smoothly. This article contains tips and instructions for Ford Transmission fluid changes, and is a project that you can do by yourself and save a lot of money. You can buy a Ford gasket online or at your local Ford service center at a reasonable cost. You may also want to consider purchasing Ford Filters in bulk to save you money on your vehicle maintenance.
Do It Yourself Ford Transmission Fluid Change

As we mentioned earlier, owning a vehicle comes with responsibilities, and necessary expenses. One of the most important responsibilities in Ford Truck maintenance is to regularly change your vehicle’s fluids. One of the most important fluids in your Ford vehicle is the transmission fluid. As we know, transmission health can make or break your vehicle, so it’s important to be proactive in ensuring that this maintenance is done as scheduled. If you have an automatic transmission, it is recommended that you change your ATF or automatic transmission fluid every 10,000 miles and change the Ford transmission fluid filter and gasket every 30,000 miles. Use caution when you buy discount auto parts; you may want to stick with brand name supplies to ensure that you are using high quality auto fluids with your vehicle.

When changing your transmission fluid, it is important to have all your supplies on hand before beginning your project as you cannot drive your vehicle to pick up additional automobile maintenance supplies at your local automobile parts store once you have begun. You’d be surprised how many people neglect this simple fact and end up having to either put things back together or get a ride to the nearest auto parts store. Make sure to have two gallons of Mercon Automatic Transmission Fluid or similar item on hand. It is also a great idea to have a quart of Lucas Oil’s Transmission fix. You also need a gasket which will come with the filter when you buy it. All these products are available at auto parts stores such as Pep Boys, Advance Auto Parts, AutoZone, Checker Auto Parts and Napa Auto Parts. Call the auto parts store in advance to make sure that they have the transmission fluid or Ford parts that you will need. You will also need a drain collection pan, a standard socket set and a flat tip screw driver.

Start your transmission fluid change by parking your Ford Truck on a flat surface and engaging your emergency parking brake. Make sure to block your rear tires to make sure your vehicle doesn’t slip while you are working on it. Jack up the front end of your Ford Truck and place it on jack stands.

Locate your transmission pan in your F-250 or other Ford vehicle. It is located just aft of your transmission and will most usually have a drain plug bolt at the lowest point. Place your drain collection pan underneath the drain plug and loosen the plug slowly. Allow the Automatic transmission fluid to completely drain from your vehicle. Once the fluid is drained take the transmission pan off with a your socket set. There is no order in which to loosen or tighten the bolts just make sure not to loose them. Do make sure not to take all the bolts off of just one side and let the pan basically dangle. This could possibly bend the pan and cause damage. If that happens, you will need to find Ford motor replacement parts before you can continue. Instead, carefully remove the bolts and hold the pan up while removing the remaining bolts and lower the pan to the ground.

Clean up the pan with a lint free shop rag and set aside. Remove the filter by pulling down while rotating it gently. If the gasket did not come off with the pan, remove it from the transmission pan housing. If it is fused or stuck to the housing you can carefully pry it off with a flat head screw driver. You can purchase a flat tip screwdriver or other tools at your local hardware store, if you don’t already have one. Make sure to not scratch the housing as it might cause leaks.

Install the new Ford filter and place the new gasket on the transmission pan so that it lines up with the bolt pattern. Hold the pan in place and line the pan up with the bolt holes in the transmission pan housing. Hand tighten all the bolts back in place and use your socket set to tighten the bolts down. Make sure to not tighten the bolts so far that they warp the pan. Once the pan is properly in place, replace the drain plug and tighten it down.

If you are concerned about your transmission it is a good idea to add a quart of Transmission Fix by Lucas. It takes the place of one quart of Automatic Transmission Fluid. Lucas Oil Transmission Fix helps keep the seals from sticking, keeping your transmission running smooth. It’s actually one of our favorite additives; it seems to work wonders. This will help reduce the risk of you needing Ford transmission repair in the future.

Add 5 more quarts of Automatic Transmission Fluid. Start your vehicle and place your foot on the brake while shifting through all gears including reverse and then back up to park. Next, take your vehicle for a short test drive not to exceed 10 miles and see how it rides. You should use this test drive time to check for any leaks and to work the new fluid through the filter. Once you are back at your house, check the transmission fluid level and add fluid as necessary. That’s it! You should be good to go for another 10,000 miles

The Benefits of a Manual Transmission

What ever happened to manual transmissions? When the automobile was first invented, there was no way of getting around it – you had to learn how to operate a clutch and shift your car’s gears.

In today’s society, “easier” is often viewed as better, and many individuals much prefer driving a vehicle with an automatic transmission. In fact, besides race car drivers and heavy machinery operators, very few individuals throughout the United States know how to drive a vehicle with a manual transmission.

So why would you choose to purchase and drive a vehicle with a manual transmission? Afterall, it’s more work to learn how to drive with a clutch, and once you’ve learned, you have to work “harder” every time you sit in the driver’s seat. Here are the top six reasons that driving a car with a manual transmission is worth it.

6. Purchase price. Cars that are the same make and model have much different purchase prices depending on whether the vehicle has a manual or automatic transmission. This price difference can be as great as $2,000! Imagine saving $2,000 or more on every car that you purchase throughout your lifetime, simply because you are willing to shift the vehicle yourself!

5. Maintenance. Similar to the overall purchase price differentiation, there are a few key parts that are much cheaper in vehicles with manual transmissions. The biggest factor is the transmission itself. A car with a manual transmission doesn’t have a “transmission”, just a clutch (you do all of the shifting). Replacing an old clutch (in a car with a manual transmission) costs about $500, while replacing a blown transmission (from an automatic vehicle) can cost over $1,000. Here again, driving a car with a manual transmission is a great way to save money.

4. Control. If you are an individual who likes to be in control of your vehicle, you should definitely consider buying your next vehicle with a manual transmission. By controlling the shifting of the vehicle at all times, it is much easier for the driver to also control the acceleration and overall handling of the vehicle. Likewise, for steep downhills, simply shift into a lower gear and allow the car to slow itself during your descent (no need to ride the brakes at all times).

3. Engagement. This is a huge issue. Many people avoid manual transmissions because they think they will not be able to do everything that they want to while driving. This is a good thing! In today’s society, people are constantly distracted by cell phones, food, and whatever else they can do to “multi-task” while driving. Having a manual transmission keeps you engaged in your driving, and it can therefore be argued that it may help make you a safer driver. This not only limits the amount of distractions that a driver will create to keep himself entertained, it also ensures that the driver is focusing on the road more than the average driver.

2. Personal capability. You never know when the next time may be that you are renting a car in Europe, are the designated driver at a party, or need to use someone’s car when yours is in the shop. In each of these situations, if you do not know how to drive a car with a manual transmission, you are limiting your options. This alone is reason enough, if you will never buy one, to at least learn how to drive a car with a clutch. Knowing how to drive a manual transmission vehicle provides a sense of accomplishment and allows you to be more helpful in certain situations.

1. Fun! The number one reason to drive a car with a manual transmission is fun. Sure, learning how to drive a vehicle with a clutch can be challenging and frustrating at times, but after weeks of practice, it comes as second nature. There is something about that “race car driver” feeling you get when you are the one shifting the vehicle’s gears that makes driving a car with a manual transmission much more enjoyable.

Despite these wonderful reasons to learn how to drive a car with a manual transmission, the prevalence of these vehicles has significantly declined over the years throughout the United States. Five-speed and six-speed manual transmissions are available, but they are now hard to find at dealerships nation-wide.

The most challenging aspect driving a vehicle with a manual transmission in today’s society seems to be finding one to buy! Still, throughout other countries, and especially in Europe, the prevalence of manual transmissions is much higher, and even rental rates are lower for these vehicle types.

Now you know some of the benefits of driving a car with a manual transmission. If you are still set on driving a vehicle with an automatic transmission, that is okay; however, at least learning how to drive a car with a manual transmission (no purchase necessary) can only benefit you and others around you.

How to Make Money Scrapping Auto Batteries

Old auto batteries cannot simply be thrown away becauseMake Money Scrapping Auto Batteries they contain toxic substances, such as acid and lead. The lead makes them valuable to scrappers, though. So you can provide a service and earn money at the same time by collecting old auto batteries and selling them to a recycling facility.


  1. Locate a place to store the auto batteries. In order to make money scrapping old auto batteries, you must collect enough to make it worth delivering them to the scrapping facility. You need an appropriate place to store them, such as a concrete-floored garage or shed. Old auto batteries can develop acid leaks, so they should be kept concrete to in case of a leak. Do not store them outdoors or you may run into problems with local zoning laws.
  2. Place an ad on Craigslist for your local area, post notices on bulletin boards and spread the word among friends and co-workers. Most people like to support recycling efforts, so they may be happy to give you old auto batteries if they know you’ll be recycling them.
  3. Find the local recycling facility that offers the most money for scrap auto batteries. Auto batteries are purchased by scrappers because they contain reusable lead. If you have more than one facility in the area that purchases old auto batteries, compare the amounts they pay. Weigh this against the distance you must travel to deliver the batteries, as gas costs can offset a higher pay rate if a facility is too far away.
  4. Once you have gathered a full load of batteries, bring them to the recycling facility. Wear safety glasses and gloves when handling the batteries to protect yourself from possible acid leaks. Protect the hauling vehicle by covering the cargo area with a plywood board covered by a tarp. This should be enough to protect the area from acid during transit. If they become damaged, they are easily replaced. Drop the batteries off and collect your cash.

How to Recondition a Car Battery at Home

If your car’s battery isn’t holding a charge or otherwise is not up to par, you may be able to fix it. The most common cause of degraded battery performance in lead-acid batteries is sulfation, which occurs when sulfur collects on the lead plates in the battery, blocking the electric current. It’s not difficult to recondition a car battery at home. However, sulfation causes irreversible corrosion of the lead plates, so this process will work only three to five times.
It’s not difficult to recondition a car battery at home.


  1. Test the battery to see if it is likely to respond to reconditioning; it needs to register 12 volts on a voltmeter. If it’s between 10 and 12 volts, you may be able to restore the battery to full function, but if it tests at less than 10 volts, you’re probably wasting your time.
  2. Heat a half quart of distilled water to 150 degrees F, and dissolve 7 or 8 oz. of Epsom salts in the water.
  3. Remove the battery cell caps. If you have a sealed battery, find the “shadow plugs” that cover openings to the battery cells–you’ll need to drill through these.
  4. Drain any fluid out of the battery and use a plastic funnel to pour enough of the Epsom salt solution in to fill each cell of the battery properly.
  5. Insert plastic plugs in the drill holes or replace the battery caps and shake the battery to make sure the Epsom salts solution is well distributed.
  6. Recharge the battery on a slow charge for 24 hours and then re-install it in your car.

Where To Buy Hello Kitty Car Accessories

The popularity of Hello Kitty car accessories has made the availability of the Hello Kitty car accessories available in wide range of products for you car. You can buy Hello Kitty floor mats, Hello Kitty seat covers, Hello Kitty license plate frames, Hello Kitty stickers for your fuel tank door, and many other Hello Kitty car accessories.

Hello Kitty car accessories are popular with women, young teen women, and even a few guys. The availability of Hello Kitty car accessories may be very limited in your hometown but you can easily purchase all of the Hello Kitty car accessories you want online. Normally you will pay less for Hello Kitty car accessories online then you would if you bought locally. Usually you will not have to pay any tax either.

Here is a sampling of some of the online websites where you can buy Hello Kitty car accessories for you favorite vehicle.


Amazon sells a variety of Hello Kitty car accessories. On Amazon you can find officially licensed Hello Kitty car accessories including

Hello Kitty Steering Wheel Cover
Hello Kitty Seat Covers
Hello Kitty Key Chain
Hello Kitty Utility Mat


DreamKitty sells a lot of Hello Kitty accessories including some Hello Kitty car accessories. DreamKitty offers some unique Hello Kitty products for your car. On the DreamKitty website you can buy Hello Kitty accessories such as:

Hello Kitty Car Seat Head Cushion
Hello Kitty “Baby In The Car” Yellow Sticker
Hello Kitty Rectangle Shape Mat
Hello Kitty Sticker” Don’t Kiss Me”
Hello Kitty “Baby On Board” Sign
Hello Kitty Hanging Tissue Cover For Cars
Hello Kitty Steering Wheel Cover
Hello Kitty Rear View Mirror
Hello Kitty Tissue Box Cover (Non Hanging)

If you are a Hello Kitty fan then the DreamKitty website is a place you need to check out. They have a lot more Hello Kitty accessories for not only you car but also you home or office.


EBAY is a great site to find many Hello Kitty car accessories. You can always find new as well as used Hello Kitty car accessories for sale on EBAY. EBAY is also where you can find some of the rarer Hello Kitty car accessories that are no longer manufactured.


At over stock you can find the 10 piece Hello Kitty car accessory package for $101.99. This ten piece kit includes many of the Hello Kitty car accessories that you may want. The Hello Kitty car accessory kit includes:

floor mats
seat covers
steering wheel cover
CD visor
key chain

There are many other websites where you can buy Hello Kitty car accessories online. Hello Kitty car accessories make a great gift to women of all ages. If you daughter is leaving for college and you want a cheap way to customize her car for her as a gift then consider Hello Kitty car accessories. If she is a fan of Hello Kitty she will love all of the Hello Kitty car accessories you put in and on her car.

Preventative Maintenance Auto Repair Benefits

For most the world, even owning a car that runs is more of a dream than a reality. Fortunately in America the majority of us have reliable cars to take us everywhere we need to go.  With transportation costs rising in the US it’s important to be mindful of ways to save money on our vehicles.

Auto repair can often come at unexpected times.  Budgeting for these types of “unexpected” repairs is the best advice you can get, but the simple truth is that many people still won’t plan for auto repairs.

Preventative maintenance on the other hand is something that you can plan for and will drastically extend the life of your vehicle.  In fact, preventative maintenance will actually lower the total cost of ownership over the lifetime of your vehicle.  This article will cover 3 of the top preventative maintenance tips that you can apply to save yourself some cash on auto repairs.

Preventative Maintenance Can Improve Gas Mileage

You can drastically improve your gas mileage with proper preventative maintenance.  This includes simple tips like properly inflating your tires, making sure you pass emissions, getting a basic tune up, and changing the fuel filter.  With these basic preventative maintenance improvements you can expect to see up to a 10% increase in gas mileage.

Preventative Maintenance Can Minimize Break Downs

Simple tasks like checking fluid levels and getting regularly scheduled oil changes will reduce the number of unexpected break downs.  Oil changes are a pretty obvious one but do you also consider things like the air filter, spark plugs, battery terminals, belts, etc.  These are smart choices to invest in before major road trips if you’re due.  Knowing that your vehicle is up to speed in the preventative maintenance department will also add a level of confidence to your driving.

Preventative Maintenance Increases Passenger Safety

No one wants to imagine a break down but it would be even worse to experience mechanical failure while your vehicle is in motion.  Accidents happen but preventative maintenance reduces dangerous mechanical failures.  With the safety of you and the passengers of your vehicle it is worth taking the time to understand the dangers of failing to perform preventative maintenance.

Finally, this article wouldn’t be complete without a reference to saving money with auto repair coupons.  Every major auto repair franchise offers some form of coupon/discounts if you search online.  One thing to keep in mind is that many credible shops will beat any written estimate so make sure and do your homework to ensure you get the best deal.  If you’re smart you will find a quality auto repair shop or mechanic that you can trust.  It pays to work with someone that you know because you don’t want to overpay for unexpected repairs!

Auto Body Paint Repair

Repair work on your vehicle can be costly and time consuming. Many people choose to ignore minor scratches and other minor damages on their vehicles because it is costly and time consuming to repair and paint. However these minor auto body paint repair jobs can be done by you at home. In order to successfully complete an auto body paint repair job, you simply need a few tools and some hard work. Scratches are one of the most simple auto body paint repair jobs that you can take care of without professional help. If the area has begun to rust, you will first need to remove the rust by rubbing some sand paper over the scratch. Once this is done you have to buy a tin of paint that matches the color of your vehicle. Your vehicle is usually fitted with a color code and therefore it should not take a long time to find a color that matches. You will also need to purchase primer and lacquer for your vehicle. Before you begin your auto body paint repair job, make sure that you clean the area that you are going to paint. Once you have done this you can start painting. You must first apply a single coat of primer to the scratch. Afterwards, you will have to let it dry for at least twenty minutes before resuming your auto body paint repair job. Paint a minimum of two coats of paint over the layer of primer and let it dry once again. Once this is done you can apply a couple of coats of the lacquer you purchased. When you have finished this step, your auto body paint repair job is almost complete. You will need to let the painted area dry overnight before anything else can be done. Once the paint has dried, use a clean cloth and some rubbing compound to polish the painted area. This will help blend the old and new paint together. Therefore, you will not even be able to notice your auto body paint repair job. If your vehicle has rusted and you want to remove it, simply use a wire brush and remove the rust first. Then use some body filler and rebuild the parts that have rusted away before beginning the painting process. However if you have considerable damage or a large amount of rust on your vehicle, you will need to consult a professional for the auto body paint repair job.

How Can Auto Body Repair Be A Nightmare?

Somebody bumped into my car that I had for eight years and they totally demolished it to bits. I was just so disappointed after all of this. As a matter of fact, I was so disappointed I had no idea which towing company to pick when they showed up.

Of course, as a distressed person that just got in an accident, I just went with the first towing company that offered himself to me and took my car away. Well, I really, really wish I had taken the time, even if it was only an hour, to search on my phone for a little bit of feedback or something. It turns out that the company I ‘chose’ was the absolute worst, horrible, back-handed towing company that I could have ever picked. Oops!

This towing company was the utter pits and guess what? Plenty of people were willing to tell me that fact if I had just been more willing to ask ahead of time. Well, the same kind of thing applies for auto body repair, too. When you do just a little bit of research upfront, then you might be able to avoid a nightmare later. Let’s talk a little bit more about that.
Check Reviews Online And The Better Business Bureau (BBB)

Sure, sure I know you’ve seen this advice everywhere, but this is a good first step. Pop over to the BBB website, that’s the Better Business Bureau, and see is the auto body repair company is listed. What kind of results do they have on there? Do you agree with the feedback on the site or does it looks like a bunch of spam?

No, I’m not saying the BBB is the best place to look but it’s a good start. Also, sometimes you’ll see reviews that are listed on Google local pages. Other similar sites that review the particular service you’re looking for are also a good choice. There should be a ton of reviews and comments on these types of car repairs as this is a big area for emotional confrontation.
Check The Cars In The Parking Lot

If you see 800 cars out there in the repair shop parking lot stacked on top of each other and it doesn’t look like there has been any progress on them, then there might be a problem. This is especially true if you have time to scope out the place a week or two in advance and see if there is any movement in the cars.

It’s then when you might decide that either this place is getting cars abandoned on them a lot for some reason or maybe their prices are getting too high. It’s also possible they might not be able to handle the workload or any other number of things that would make your overall experience a pain.

Do your own surveillance upfront and then ask the people inside the shop why these cars are here for so long? Ask why they’re not moving? Really dig down and find what’s going on with this situation? Please bug them until you get a better understanding of the overall way the shop works. Look to see what their response is as there is probably a lot that you can learn from it.
Woman Inspecting Her Car for Damage
Credit: Microsoft Office ClipArt Gallery Online
Check What Reputable Wreckers Recommend

Any good wrecker company out there will know exactly which automobile repair shops are worth anything. For instance, I know for a fact the wrecker guys that I found down the street after the incident were awesome. I asked them a little bit more about the bad wrecker company and they were very willing to tell me all kinds of stories about how the bad company was not doing things the best way they could.

They also had recommendations on reputable body shops, shops they like to work with that were reasonably priced and had good connections with dealerships. These are all very important things to consider. It was such a great shortcut to go with someone who deals with the shops that do great work on a daily basis.
Take The Shortcut And Find The Best Shops

If you’re looking to watch out for auto body repair scams and nightmares, check online reviews in BBB, check the cars in the shop parking lot and see what’s going on, and check those companies in-the-know, like wreckers that go.

Do these things and you too might be spared a nightmare. Google search a few auto body repair shops in your area and see what reviews you can find. Doing research ahead of time is always a good idea.

How to Salvage a Flood Damaged Car Engine – DIY Auto Repair


Many will tell you once a car has been in a flood; the engine is no longer good.They will go on to tell you the problems you will run into if you should dare to buy a car that was under water. Insurance companies will deem the automobile totaled. This is only partially true. Salvaging the car’s engine will depend on the steps you take after the flood. In all cases a car that has been submerged in salt water, the engine can be salvaged, but it will not last long. Salt is highly corrosive and will degrade the metal parts of the engine along with the wiring. The salt will eat away at wire coverings causing major electrical problems in the automobile. No matter how well you rinse or wash the internal parts, once salt water has invaded the engine space or interior spaces of the car, the damage is done.

A car involved in fresh water flooding as a result of a severe rain storm, overflowing banks of rivers, lakes and streams or an accidental drive into a body of water, can be saved. Many insurance companies will total the automobile and send it off to an auction. Car dealers can buy the car or your insurance company will sell it back to you at a fraction of the value. Your automobile title will be stamped with an “S”. The “S” stands for “Salvage”. Insurance companies will reinsure the automobile with a replacement value in line with the lowest blue book value. As long as you take the necessary steps WITHOUT starting the car – you can save a flood damaged car engine.

Start with the automobile’s Battery

Pop the hood open on your car.

Locate the battery and remove the wires from the battery.

Take the battery out of the engine compartment.

Set it aside – the battery may or may not be good.

Move to the Oil

Crawl under the car.

Locate the drain plug for the oil.

Place a large oil pan under the drain plug.

Take the plug out and let the oil drain into the pan.

Leave the oil pan in place under the automobile for one to two days to allow all of the oil to flow out, which also allows the water to drip out and dry.

On to the Transmission

Crawl back under the car with a second large pan.

Locate the plug for the transmission. Some cars will have a sealed transmission without a plug. If this is the case drain the transmission oil according to the automobile manufacturer’s instructions.

Allow the transmission oil to drain out of the transmission.

Leave the plug out for one to two days to allow the water to slowly drip out and dry.

And Now the Air Filter

Locate the air filter.

Remove it and discard it.

Brakes – Because Stopping is Important

Find the master cylinder.

Take the cap off the master cylinder.

Suction the brake fluid out with a large syringe or you can also use an old turkey baster.

Squirt the fluid into a container.

Disconnect the brake lines from the master cylinder using a line wrench.

Drain the brake fluid from the lines into the container with the other brake fluid.

Disconnect the connector from the reservoir.

Loosen the three nuts that hold the master cylinder in place.

Move the master cylinder and remove the gasket. Throw out the gasket and get a replacement.

Wipe down the master cylinder and area around it.

Put the new gasket in place.

Tighten the nuts to hold the master cylinder in place.

Reconnect the lines.

Fill the reservoir with brake fluid.

Bleed the air out of the brake lines.

It’s Time for Spark Plugs

Find the spark plugs and take them out.

Wipe the spark plugs down and keep them for later.

Sit Back and Wait — Patiently

Gather what you will need to get the car back in running condition or go fishing – it’s your choice and you do have to wait a day or two.

Take the time to properly dispose of the fluids you drained from the automobile.

Replace the Fluids

Put the transmission plug back in.

Fill the transmission with new transmission oil.

Remove the old oil filter and replace it.

Put the plug back in and fill with the appropriate motor oil.

See if the Battery Works

Put the battery back into place inside the engine compartment.

Reconnect the battery cables.

Use the Battery Power to Help Save the Flood Damaged Engine

Get into the car and insert the key into the ignition.

Turn the key as if you are starting it – I know it doesn’t have spark plugs and won’t start – but the it will force any remaining water out of the cylinders.

Repeat six to eight times.

If the car engine won’t attempt to turn over – the battery may be dead.

Back to The Air Filter

Put a new air filter in place.

You Need Spark

Either buy new spark plugs and put them in place or use the ones you removed from the engine.

The Moment of Truth

Get back into the car.

Insert the key into the ignition.

Turn the key and start the car.

A Few Car Salvaging Tips

Do not even think about trying to start the car until you have gone through all of the above steps. A great way to ruin your engine is to try to start it with all of that water in it.

After draining fluids, removing plugs and filters, it’s time to tackle the inside of the car. For best results wait for a nice, warm sunny day.

Remove the seats and set them in the sun to dry.

Vacuum the inside of the car with a wet dry vacuum to pull out as much moisture as possible.

Pull the carpeting out of the car. Lay the carpeting on a flat clean surface. Shampoo the rug with a cleaner made for marine use which has ingredients that will kill odor along with mold and mildew. If the seats are cloth, shampoo them also.

Car Repair Technicians: How to Find a Good Auto Mechanic

car engine(72425)

How Find a Good Auto Repair Service
Good Deals on Car Repairs

The typical new car is a computer on wheels. As much as 15 computers control such functions as the speed of the windshield wipers, sparkplug timing, and the antiskid function of the brakes. Actually, automotive technicians will tell you that the owners of recent-model car have more computing power at their fingertips than the early astronauts had to pilot their spacecraft.

Today’s auto repair technicians have had wide electronics training, and they use this information and training to diagnose trouble in the engine, ignition, electrical and fuel-injection systems, power train, transmission, differential, lubricating system, wheel suspension, the front axle, steering mechanism and braking system.

There are numerous types of auto repair shops and each type offers a little different kind of auto repair service:

Car dealer service departments stock most parts for the automobiles they sell. Additionally, dealer service departments are generally well supported by the automobile manufacturers themselves, who furnish frequent written updates about technical problems and send representatives to train and work with technicians in the dealership service departments. The manufacturers also work with those service departments to cover warranties. So, when your car is still under warranty, your first stop for regularly scheduled maintenance and repairs should be a dealership, though not necessarily the one from which you bought the car.

The key to finding a good auto mechanic is to look before you need one.

Often car dealerships have a supposed secret warranty arrangement with the manufacturer. Under these secret warranties, the manufacturer will pay the dealership to fix problems found in specific makes and models after purchase, even if the car is otherwise out of warranty. The problem is, dealership service departments rarely tell customers about these warranties. If something goes wrong with your vehicle, ask the dealership if there is a policy adjustment available for your particular type of vehicle.

Service stations and general auto repair shops are generally owned or managed by independent technicians and mechanics. These car technicians may or may not have access to all the equipment found in a dealership service department. All the same, many of these mechanics are great generalists, and they often charge much less than will a dealership service department for out-of-warranty repairs.

Specialty auto repair shops are just that—shops that perform only one type of repair, like brake service, change of oil or other lubrication, or a limited range of repairs. You can get quick and competitively priced service in these shops, but the emphasis is often on replacement instead of repair.

Mall automobile service departments are almost always associated with a mass merchandizing outlet, like Sears. Replacement parts in these shops are many times discounted and the technicians are typically well trained. However, the emphasis is on services that can be done rapidly.

You can make a list of automotive repair technicians by asking friends and colleagues regarding the garages they use. Members of local car clubs and people who collect cars are some other source of names.

A phone call to the Better Business Bureau can reassure you that no complaints have stayed unresolved against any of the garages on your list. Ask specifically about what type of complaints were filed and how those complaints were managed.

Strong Demand to Drive Russian Automobile Market


According to our research report “Booming Russian Automobile Sector”, the automobile industry in Russia has witnessed a sharp recovery during 2010, after the 2009 global slowdown that hit the industry hard. The industry grew in double digits due to the increasing spending power of citizens and the government participation in various forms. The sector is set for another rapid growth phase and will claim one of the top positions on world automobile growth map in coming years. The Russian automobile industry will prove to be a locomotive for global automobile industry with an expected growth of over 32% during 2011-2014.

According to our research, the country will witness a growing market for all sub segments of the market, however the primary driver for overall market will be passenger car segment. Besides this segment, activity in commercial vehicles, i.e. trucks and buses will sustain upward growth trend in the coming years. International export and import activities will also change substantially on the back of reasons discussed in the report.

Further, our report discusses the direction, in which, the automobile and supplementary industries, like tyre and automotive components are likely to move in near term. The report also features forecasts for growth in all market segments, individually, both in terms of sales and production. It also includes changing dynamics of market share among market players and brands. Besides, our report presents information on the regulatory developments in the country’s automobile industry.

“Booming Russian Automobile Sector”, provides latest developments in the automobile sector of Russia. The report discusses all important facets of the industry in detail. Besides, the report analyzes the market drivers critical to the further growth and their impact on the automobile industry. Additionally, the report features business description of key players along with their recent activities. It also sheds light on the emerging market opportunities, which are expected to decide the future of the Russian automobile industry.

For FREE SAMPLE of this report visit: http://www.rncos.com/Report/IM551.htm

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About RNCOS:

RNCOS specializes in Industry intelligence and creative solutions for contemporary business segments. Our professionals study and analyze the industry and its various components, with comprehensive study of the changing market behavior. Our accuracy and data precision proves beneficial in terms of pricing and time management that assist the consultants in meeting their objectives in a cost-effective and timely manner.

Automotive Repairs – Interior and Exterior Car and Truck Repair – Do I Need an Expert?


Automotive Repairs

It used to just be the boys’ top choice for a high school elective; it used to be just the odd weekend afternoon tinkering, a man’s man’s hobby, but automotive repair has come into its own with vocational certification and engineering training for serious professionals.

Automotive Repair is an all-inclusive term for the cosmetic body work, electrical and mechanical repair or replacement needed to keep cars and other vehicles in good running condition. While driving a car that looks and sounds good is of prime importance for most car owners, it isn’t just about the joy or convenience of having a cool, running car, it’s become a source of pride to show off a well-conditioned vehicle, indicating the amount of time and resources an owner invests in the car.

Of course a lot of guys still like tinkering under the hood, adding a personal touch to maintaining their cars, even though a lot of professional car maintenance services are now readily available in most areas. Let’s run through some of the most common areas of automotive repair.

Running Well

Automotive repair means hands-on work with standard flat-rates for manual labor. Having a vehicle maintained by a professional shop is a convenient and easy method of keeping your car running well. Bring your car in to have your engine checked at key mileage points. Check with your car manufacturer to make sure you’ve kept your check up appointments on time. Having a regular tune-up and oil change ensures engine safety. It’s a no-brainer, must-do for safety.

One of the most overlooked and most important safety feature of automotive maintenance is brake management. Learning why your brakes need to be maintained at regular times, and checking your tire alignment while you’re at it, is important. Modern disc brake systems utilize two (2) rotors or discs on either side of your tire, which close in on the tire to slow it down and stop it. Regular maintenance of the brake systems, and keeping your tires in good shape, can help prevent the most common car maintenance problem: dents and scrapes from minor collisions.

Listen to it Hum!

Muffler maintenance manages that part of a car’s exhaust system that reduces noise. Once your engine is up and running without strange noises, it’s also important to make sure it hums along just fine.

Inside the car though, your audio system can make or break a ride. Electrical and speaker systems running front and back, set within the doors, dashboards and rear back boards, even in trunks can create an aural experience that soundproofs you from the outside world or proclaim your presence.
Quality systems and competitions for car audio have become even more popular lately.

Looking Good, Inside & Out

Car seat leather and leather trimmings get just as much abuse as a leather sofa in a New York psychiatrist’s office. More, even! Every day, with every passenger, the leather gets worn down little by little, cracking, fading, tearing and ultimately splitting apart. As more and more people get heavier with age, as you advance in years along with your car, you and our passengers expose the leather seats and upholstery to even more abuse.

Leather is one of the most popular natural upholstery materials because of its durability. It lasts for many years if cared for properly. To ease the pressure on your leather seats, buffing with carnauba wax and keeping it nicely moisturized should help to preserve it for the long run. Many high-end luxury cars come with leather seats or interiors.

Front and back, bumps and scratches most often take their toll on your car bumpers. When you hear a Bang! You know it as another unfortunate collision. Accidents always happen… for minor ones, you may want to do a DIY (do-it-yourself) repair job. It’s pretty simple, either you pull out the dent or hammer it out. Whether it’s made of plastic, metal or fiberglass, when handled by true professionals, you won’t be able to tell the car was ever in a scrape.

Minor paint problems can be solved easily with the modern paints used to retouch nicks and scratches. Do-it-yourself auto repair is an increasingly common undertaking by car owners who are interested in saving a little, and who have more than just a working knowledge about car repairs, people who have a passion for it.

For large scale collisions and wreckage, other major problems requiring part replacements, always consult the professionals and ask for an estimate. Knowing more about why your car needs repairs and to what extent, is the best way to get an accurate and fair repair estimate. Not only is it a way for you to know what the next step would be, it’s also a great way to learn more about you particular kind of car and its common problems. Manage your expectations with automotive repair processes.

After all these guys aren’t just good, they’ve been certified: automotive repairs professional.

Fast-track Automobile Industry of India


In the race to be a superpower, India is making frequent and astounding advancements in all fields. From power generation to constructing modern roads, every sector has a huge impetus. Rising above all in a very distinct and appreciable way is the Automobile Sector of India. The automobile sector forms one of the fastest growing sectors in the Indian economy and so is the popularity of automobiles in India. A number of cars and other automobiles are imported and exported every year. Indian Automobile market witnesses a large scale manufacturing of cars, bikes, vans, buses and tractors.

Indian automobile industry is the tenth largest in the world. Every year new and advanced model of cars, bikes and other vehicles are launched by various leading manufacturers suiting the consumer needs. Occupied by various major automobile manufacturers like Tata Motors, Ford Motors, Volkswagen, Maruti Udyog, Hero Honda, Bajaj Auto, Yamaha Motor etc, Indian Autombile industry has become a battlefield of technology, performance and styling. Automobile industry in India is one of the fastest growing automobile industries and has made its position in the world market.

The Indian automobile Industry is currently growing at a remarkable pace of around 18 % per annum.

The technological changes and progress successfully led to the progress of automobile sector in India. The main reason behind this tremendous progress is the economic liberalization by Indian government.

Ever since the foreign direct investment has been allowed, the automobile market has got its foot on the accelerator. The growth of Indian middle class with increasing purchasing power and availability of trained manpower at reasonable cost is another reason for the eminent growth and has pushed it to new capacities.

International automobiles giants have helped Indian automobile sector to enlarge by setting up local basis. The increasing competition in auto companies has opened up many choices for Indian consumers at competitive costs.

The Indian Automobile industry is growing in all respects and it is also serving as an important source of employment. Innovation and new product launches are a major factor driving growth in sales of cars. A wide distribution and service station network is a key to growth in India. The automobile sector is expected to witness strong growth and improve its share in global markets too.

Manual Vs Automatic Transmission



Since most cars in America come with an automatic transmission, a lot of people don’t know how to drive a manual transmission car, and most of them think that automatic is simply better. But there are pros and cons of both manual and automatic transmission, so this article will try to explain what the advantages and disadvantages of both options are.

There has been a debate about which type of transmission is better for years, and it has mostly revolved around fuel economy and driver control. But there are other aspects to consider, too, regarding how a certain type of transmission affects engine performance and overall driving experience. It’s not easy to determine what is better, as it may simply come down to driver’s preferences, but a couple of facts could help you decide which is better for your driving style.

Manual transmission pros

The most significant advantage over the automatic is that it provides better control, especially in poor road and weather conditions.

If your car needs to be towed, or you have to tow another car, it’s better if it has manual transmission. Besides being cheaper, manual transmission is easier to fix and you can do some of the repairs yourself.

One of the most important benefits with manual is that the driver gets a more complete, active and satisfying driving experience.

Manual transmission cons

Manual is not for people that just want straight forward driving without too many distractions and controls to think about.

Another thing is that it can be quite a hassle to drive a manual in the city, as you could get tired easily by the fact that you have to press and depress the clutch constantly.

Manual transmission can present safety risks for inexperienced or unskilled drivers, because it requires more focus and it can lead to stalling or serious damages to the engine.

Automatic transmission pros

Automatic transmission is more suitable for city driving. Driving in dense traffic, with lots of starts and stops is easier if you have automatic. That is because it allows you to switch through gears more easily and quickly, which is perfect for urban driving, where you have to stop at traffic lights or stop for pedestrians quite a lot.

It’s also better for new drivers, as there is no clutch and shifting gears is less complicated, so they don’t need extra focus for a third pedal or to remember which way to turn the stick to switch to a certain gear.

Automatic transmission cons

First of all, it’s more expensive than manual, and can cost $500-1,000 more. So, if you want to save money, you will opt for manual.

Automatic transmission maintenance is also more expensive. It’s more complicated to repair and mechanics charge more for it. Also, though not by a large amount, automatic provides worse fuel efficiency.

Most cars in Europe have manual transmissions, so if you ever plan on travelling to Europe and have to rent a car, you’ll find it difficult to operate, as you are used to automatic.

How to Add Water to a Car Battery

Most vehicles have what is known as a maintenance-free car battery, which is permanently sealed and never needs water. If you do not have a maintenance-free battery, then you regularly must fill it with water


  1. Turn the car engine off. Open the hood of the car and locate the battery. Remove the vent caps from the battery. Clean the battery surface top before opening the inspection caps to avoid getting dirt and debris into the car battery.
  2. Check the water level in each cell of the battery. Use only distilled water when filling a car battery. Using anything other then distilled water will cause permanent failure of your battery.
  3. Add water to the battery to bring the level to just below the bottom of the cell inspection hole. Do not over fill the water level. This can cause the acid water mixture to leak. Flush any spilled acid water mixture with fresh water. Put the vent caps back onto the battery.

Transmission Repairs By AAMCO


Servicing your vehicle is like feeding your hungry dream machine. It is very important for the performance of your auto. Transmission repairs are a one-stop shop for all your servicing needs. If you have any problems with the alignment, engine, brakes or wheels, then this is the right place to call. They look into all types of repairs and can fix the most complicated auto problems. This company is a certified Eco-Green shop. They are easily available online too and you can book an appointment with them from the comfort of your home.

Transmission repairs have a limited time offer. Currently they are offering Free 71 -Step Check worth $ 85. This company has been in the business for more than 40 years and they are industry experts. They service more than 1000 vehicles within one year. They have a full service shop, which is capable of servicing any automotive need that you might have. They have several experienced technicians as well as full time transmission builders. They build transmissions that last long. There are some more outstanding features of this company that deals with automatic transmissions.


Eco friendly products: As much as possible, the service provider tries to use eco-friendly solvents. They also try to recycle their fluids, filters and containers. In fact, this company is one of the first 50 shops to offer Eco Green E85 conversion kits.

Free service: They offer a 36 Step Protect Check and 71 Step TranScan check. You can avail these offers, just give them a call and find out more about it.

Warranties: Transmission repairs accompanied with warranties can make a huge difference to your experience. Depending on your needs, there are different types of warranties like 90 day limited warranty for minor service, warranty for electronic components, warranty for manual transmission repair, and warranty for automatic transmissions, lifetime coverage and mile coverage for automatic transmission and so on.

Priority partners: There are discounts for fellow local businesses and their employees. They offer a priority partner program that enables you to enjoy savings on all your automotive needs.

Coupons: Automatic transmission repair will cost much less, if you use coupons. These coupons are valid at select service and can be availed online. There are different types of coupons like car rental coupon, oil lube and filter change coupon, and the likes.

Wholesale services: This Company offers special pricing for wholesale services. Check how you can save money and avail high quality service.

This company can be trusted for all types of jobs like transmission repairs, automatic transmission repair, manual transmission repair, complete car care, rebuilding, maintenance services, PA state inspections, emissions testing, extended warranty work, tune ups, flushes and much more.

Updating your knowledge about automotives can help you maintain the vehicle in good condition. Read some tips online to keep your automobile in good condition. Maintenance is very crucial. It not only improves performance of the vehicle but also improves the engine life. Routine transmission repairs and maintenance are necessary for the smooth functioning of your vehicle. Caring for your car should be a routine activity. Do not ignore or overlook the need for minor repairs, since it may lead to serious damage to the vehicle.